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Name the four main geographical areas that Latin America can be divided into.
South America, Central America, Mexico, and Caribbean America
The chain of mountains extending through Mexico, Central America, and the west coast of South America are a continuation of what mountain range?
The Rocky Mountains
Name the two mountain chains running through Mexico.
The Sierra Madre Occidentals (west) and the Sierra Madre Orientals (east)
Why have the Andes mountains hindered travel, trade, communication, exploration, and development?
Because they are rugged.
Name the four principal rivers of Latin America.
The Amazon, Orinoco, Sao Francisco, and Rio de la Plata
True or false: The seasons are the same in both the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
False! The seasons are opposite.
What are vast, grassy, treeless plains that stretch from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean?
What underdeveloped arid land is north of the Panpas and dotted with swamps during the rainy season and dense stretches of impenetrable jungle?
The Gran Charco
Where are most of Brazil's richest farmlands, important mineral reserves, and major population centers located?
Why is Mata Grosso regarded as Brazil's last frontier?
It is excellent for grazing cattle but poor soil prohibits farming.
What occupies all the land drained by the Amazon and was covered by tropical rainforests full of dense vegetation and exotic wildlife?
The Amazon Basin
________ is a Spanish word for "plains" referring to savanna grasslands in Venezuela and eastern Colombia where the chief industry is cattle grazing controlled by cowboys known as llaneros.
What are the Guana Highlands noted for?
Gold, diamonds and bauxite mines, bananas, citrus fruits, sugar cane, and rice
______ is home to the Atacama Desert of Chile and extends north through Peru and Ecuador.
The Southern Pacific Coast
How far does Central America extend?
From the southern tip of Mexico to the isthmus of Panama in the south
Where is the narrow peninsula Baja California?
Isolated along the eastern side of the Gulf of California
Name the common natural disasters in Latin America.
Flooding, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and avalanches
The majority of Latin Americans are ______ farmers, growing just enough food for their families.
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