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Terms in this set (37)
What is an atom?
Smallest particle of an element
What is a molecule?
A group of atoms bonded together
What is a compound?
2 or more elements chemically combined
What does a subscript tell you?
number of atoms
Total atoms in C6H12O6
Total atoms in 4H2O
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that indicates how many molecules or atoms of each reactant and product are involved in a reaction.
4 kinds of organic compounds
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharide, glucose, galactose, fructose, simple sugars
nucleic acids subunit
A yellow-brown indicator that turns blue-black when it comes into contact with starch.
A chemical indicator that changes from blue to light green to yellow in the presence of increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide in a solution
solution that turns lavendar to violet (purple) in the presence of proteins
Compounds that contain carbon
inorganic compounds example
7 characteristics of life
organization, cells, response to stimuli, homeostasis, metabolism, growth, development, reproduction, change through time
This scientist disproved spontaneous generation by showing that maggots do not spontaneously arise from decaying meat.
A French chemist, this man discovered that heat could kill bacteria that otherwise spoiled liquids including milk, wine, and beer.
3 survival needs
food, water, living space
one celled organism
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
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