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58 terms

American History I Chapter 12

STUDY
PLAY
tariffs
protective taxes placed on foreign goods
canal
waterway dug across a section of land
Erie Canal
opened in 1825 and connected th Hudson River to Buffalo, New York
first major railroad line
Baltimore and Ohio
James Monroe
President during Era of Good Feelings
Supreme Court
ruled by Chief Justice John Marshall
McCulloch v Maryland
state wanted to tax its branch of the National bank
Gibbons v Ogden
debate over trade rights
Spain
sold Florida to U.S. for 5 million dollars
doctrine
set of beliefs
Monroe Doctrine stated
US would not allow European countries to start new colonies in Western Hemisphere and would not interfere with Europe or existing colonies
Monroe Doctrine
became basic principle of American foreign policy
elected President in 1824
John Quincy Adams
Henry Clay
person who proposed the American System to Congress
elected President as a Democrat
Andrew Jackson
spoils system
filling government jobs with political supporters
Pres. Andrew Jackson
wanted ordinary citizens to participate in the government
convention system
open meeting of political parties to select candidate
convention system of voting
developed by Andrew Jackson
national bank charter
vetoed by Andrew Jackson
wanted to locate Native Americans to land east of Mississippi
John Calhoun
Vice-President Calhoun
wanted to nullify tariff because it hurt farmers
Force Bill
measure proposed by President Jackson to frighten nullification supporters
Whig Party
new political party in 1834 that supported idea of a strong legislative branch
Species Circular
US would only accept coins as payment for land
Jackson's policies
led to a greater democracy
nationalism increased
when James Monroe president
why Spain sold Florida
too weak to hold on to it
not recognized for land ownership
Native Americans
disease and wars
cause of death for most Native Americans
started in 1804
Native Americans forced to move West
Jackson's Secretary of War
John Calhoun
Calhoun
quit as Vice-President because unhappy with Force Bill
relocation area
west of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory
Indian Removal Act of 1830
ordered Native Americans to give up land east of Mississippi River and relocate to west of river
Bureau of Indian Affairs
ran resettlement of Indian Territory
Treaty of Echota
signed by Cherokees to surrender their land
Cherokees
went to court to defend right to stay on land
Supreme Court Ruling on Cherokees
Cherokees could not be forced to move
Jackson
sent soldiers to force Cherokee to leave, ignoring Supreme Court
Trail of Tears
march of Cherokee off their land
harsh weather, hunger, disease
caused thousands of Cherokee to die
Panic of 1837
crisis that weakened US economy
Oklahoma
present-day state known earlier as "Indian Territory"
Seminoles
a group of Florida Native Americans who fought the US government
nullify
cancel
Nicholas Biddle
head of the bank of the United States
candidates in election of 1824
John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William Crawford, Andrew Jackson
won most electoral votes in election of 1824
Andrew Jackson
Democratic party
party of Andrew Jackson
written by Cherokees
letter of protest to the U.S. government
number of Cherokee forced to move
more than 15,000
seen as threat to U.S.
another country interfering in affairs of country in western hemisphere
House of Representatives
decided election of 1824
Clay
convinced House to vote for John Quincy Adams
corrupt bargain
John Quincy Adams naming Clay Secretary of State
created schools and helped start farming
done by Bureau of Indian Affairs
restricted settlers from moving into reserved area
Bureau of Indian Affairs