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25 terms

Vocab For 1st Parauka Test

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Base line
An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
Cartography
The science of making maps.
Connections
Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Greenwich Mean Time
The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0° longitude.
International Date Line
180 Longitude, crossing East moves back a day, crossing West moves forward one day
Latitude
Lines running East/West
Location
The position of anything on Earth's surface.
Longitude
Lines running North/South
Map
A two-dimensional representation of Earth's surface
Meridian
An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
Parallel
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Place
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Prime meridian
The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
Projection
The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
Region
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
Regional Studies
Analyzing social and physical aspects of a region
Remote sensing
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Scale
the relationship between the size of something on a map and in real life
Site
The physical character of a place.
Situation
The location of a place relative to other places.
Space
The physical gap or interval between two places.
Toponym
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
Township
A square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of townships.