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30 terms

Computer Basics

STUDY
PLAY
hardware
The physical components of the computer system.
software
The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do.
CPU
The brain of the computer or central processing unit.
ROM
The permanent memor that is built in your computer. This is read only.
RAM
The computer's working memory, sometimes called random-accessed memory.
megabyte
Approximately a million bytes.
gigabyte
Approximately a billion bytes (or 1,000 megabytes)
Input Device
The hardware that is used to pass information into the computer.
Output Device
The hardware that receives and displays information coming from the computer.
Modem
The device that allows your computer to talk to other computers over a telephone line.
Monitor
A video or computer display device.
Laser Printer
A printer that uses both laser and photographic technology to produce high quality output.
Printer
The hardware that provides printed output from the computer.
Hard Copy
A printed copy of computer output.
Compact Disc
A disc on which a laser has digitally recorded information such as audio, video, or computer data.
Hard Disk
A fixed, large-capacity magnetic storage medium for computer data.
Floppy Disk
A portable magnetic storage medium for computer data that allows users to randomly access information.
Graphical User Interface
The use of graphical symbols instead of text commands to control common computer functions such as copying programs and disks.
Icon
A small picture or symbol representing a computer hardware function or component.
Ink-jet printer
A type of printer that forms letters on the page by shooting tiny electrically charged droplets of ink.
Flash Drive
A data storage device integrated with a USB (universal serial bus) connector. They are typically removable and rewritable, much shorter than a floppy disk.
Scanner
An electronic device that generates a digital representation of an image for data input to a computer.
word processing
If you wanted to write a letter, you would use a ___ type of program.
desktop publishing
You would use a ___ program to create a birthday card or flyer.
database
You would use a ___ type of program to make and print a mailing list or your address book.
spreadsheet
To balance your checkbook, you would use ___ type of program.
educational
To practice math facts or learn about science, you would use ___ programs.
Entertainment
Playing a game on the computer would be using ___ programs.
research
Finding information on the Internet would require ____.
program
A set of instructions that tells the computer how to perform a specific task.