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#4 - Health Literacy
Terms in this set (33)
Define Health Literacy
The degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions
(some people have no more than 6th grade education level)
What else does being health literate mean other than reading and writing?
effective speaking, listening, and computer skills
Health literacy is the interaction between a ____________ and the demands of the environment
an individual's skills
What are some hinderances to interactions between clients and OT practitioners when presenting results?
- If you have a socially awkward/shy person (won't ask questions or look at you)
- some patients may be unmotivated etc.
What are examples of things that can make health literacy vary?
- clarity of health-related materials (handouts) - motivation
- cognitive ability
- social skills of the client
It is the OT's responsibility to assure clients _________
understand educational information about their health
How may a client react in a non-ideal health literacy scenario?
May get aggressive/defensive to hide the fact they don't understand (if can't read)
How must OT practitioners use observation skills (before discussing health information w/ client)?
use observation to assess the cognitive abilities and reading levels of clients
(Don't talk down to patients but still meet them at their level)
What is something OT practitioners must practice in order to provide effective education to the intended audience?
(ppl of different cultures don't interpret education the same way)
What is another important factor when considering communication between a client and OT practitioner?
(if possible) communication should be in a client's primary language to:
- prevent miscommunication
- ensure privacy
What are 7 tips on how to communicate information to a client effectively?
1) Share information in a shame-free environment
2) Eliminate internal distractions (pain, hunger, anxiety etc.) before delivering important information
3) Sequence information logically
4) Concrete suggestions when possible (ex. "Walk 30 minutes three times a week")
5) Demonstrations, models, and pictures along with oral communication
6) Multiple teaching methods to accommodate different learning styles
7) Always verify the client's understanding after delivery of information
What are some things to consider when developing/choosing printed materials for clients?
- education/reading level
- shorter phrases
- bigger font (for those w/ low vision)
- bold/underlined for emphasis
- simple captions w/ visuals
- review material w/ client before handing out
social determinants of health are the conditions/environments where people:
- live (moldy)
- play (not anyplace to play)
What do all the social determinants of health affect?
a wide range of health and quality of life outcomes
5 Domains of Social Determinants of Health
1) Economic Stability
2) Education Access and Quality
3) Health care Access and Quality
4) Neighborhood and Built Environment
5) Social and Community Context
Sets with similar terms
Social Determinants of Health
Community Health Chapter 7
350 Quiz 1
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