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34 terms

World Map Test

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Equator
imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; used as the starting point to measure degrees of north and south latitude
Prime Meridian
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and western hemisphere, at 0 degrees longitude
Tropic of Cancer
a line of latitude about 23 degrees North of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn
a line of latitude about 23 degrees South of the equator
North America
a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama
South America
a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Europe
the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia)
Asia
the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population
Oceania
a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)
Africa
with 56 countries, the second-largest continent (after Asia), located south of Europe
Antarctica
an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle
Nile River
the world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
Amazon River
the world's second longest river in the world, which flows eastward through South America into the Atlantic Ocean
Mississippi River
longest and biggest river in US that has its source in the Minnesota & its mouth in Louisiana
Ganges River
A river of South Asia that flows southeast from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal
Tigris River
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the eastern part of the Fertile Crescent
Euphrates River
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent
Rocky Mountains
a major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico
Andes Mountains
the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
Alps
Europe's highest mountains.extending in an arc from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan peninsula
Himalaya Mountains
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet
Appalachian Mountains
a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico
Ural Moutains
mountain chain that serves as the natural boundary between Asia and Europe
Sahara Desert
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Gobi Desert
one of the worlds largest deserts, covers part of China and present-day Mongolia
Kalahari Desert
a large desert in Southern africa north of the Cape of Good Hope
Atacama Desert
one of the driest regions in the world, found in Chile, South America
Greenland
island in the northern Atlantic Ocean which happens to be largest island on Earth
New Guinea
second largest island located in the South Pacific Ocean
Madagascar
an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa
Cuba
the largest island in the West Indies
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Cape of Good Hope
a point of land in southwestern South Africa (south of Cape Town)
Cape Horn
a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America