Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


imaginary line that runs around the earth halfway between the North and South Poles; used as the starting point to measure degrees of north and south latitude

Prime Meridian

the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and western hemisphere, at 0 degrees longitude

Tropic of Cancer

a line of latitude about 23 degrees North of the equator

Tropic of Capricorn

a line of latitude about 23 degrees South of the equator

North America

a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama

South America

a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama


the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia)


the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population


a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)


with 56 countries, the second-largest continent (after Asia), located south of Europe


an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle

Nile River

the world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea

Amazon River

the world's second longest river in the world, which flows eastward through South America into the Atlantic Ocean

Mississippi River

longest and biggest river in US that has its source in the Minnesota & its mouth in Louisiana

Ganges River

A river of South Asia that flows southeast from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal

Tigris River

A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the eastern part of the Fertile Crescent

Euphrates River

A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent

Rocky Mountains

a major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico

Andes Mountains

the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America


Europe's highest mountains.extending in an arc from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan peninsula

Himalaya Mountains

a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet

Appalachian Mountains

a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico

Ural Moutains

mountain chain that serves as the natural boundary between Asia and Europe

Sahara Desert

the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa

Gobi Desert

one of the worlds largest deserts, covers part of China and present-day Mongolia

Kalahari Desert

a large desert in Southern africa north of the Cape of Good Hope

Atacama Desert

one of the driest regions in the world, found in Chile, South America


island in the northern Atlantic Ocean which happens to be largest island on Earth

New Guinea

second largest island located in the South Pacific Ocean


an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa


the largest island in the West Indies

Panama Canal

a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)

Cape of Good Hope

a point of land in southwestern South Africa (south of Cape Town)

Cape Horn

a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording