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51 terms

Sociology - Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY
The concept used to describe opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allow us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context is called...
Sociological Perspective
When Sociologists group people into categories based on their age, gender, educational level, job and income, they are trying to determine their...
Social Location
Of the following, which variables do sociologists emphasize the most as being the determining motivation for our thinking and behavior?
Ones society and social location
The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection between history and biography to explain the sociological imagination was...
C. Wright Mills
The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social life was...
Auguste Comte
The first goal of each scientific discipline is to...
Explain why something happens
The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as ...
Social Darwinism
Weber referred to the self denying approach to life characterized by people living frugal live and having a ...
Protestant ethic or a Protestant work ethic
The titles Karl Marx used to describe the two classes in society were what..
Bourgeoisie and Proletariat
Max Weber used the term "verstehen" to mean ...
grasp by insight
Durkheim referred to patterns of behavior that characterize a social group as ...
Social Facts
Sociologists who analyze how behavior depends on the way that people define themselves and other are most likely ...
Symbolic interactionist
Mark views society as a system of interrelated parts, while John views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Mark could be considered a --- theorist and John would be seen a s a --- theorist.
Functionalist , Conflict
Conflict theorists could contend that changes in --- explain the high divorce rates in the US.
The male/female power relationships
Which group of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?
Conflict theorists + Structural functionalism
Which sociological perspectives are best to use in developing an accurate understanding of society?
There is no one correct theory
College provides a haven for several million potential workers who are classified as students rather that unemployed which helps stabilize the job market. This situation represents what Merton would describe as ...
Latent Function
People all over the world, especially college students are breaking down nation boundaries because of advances in communication, trade, and travel. This is referred to as ...
Globalization
Of the following research topics, which most qualifies as research on the micro-level?
Individualistic matters
In the research model the step in which the author of the research specifies what he or she wants to learn about the topic of study is called..
Defining the problem
The research method that involves a collection of data by having people answer a series of questions is ..
Surveys
The term --- refers to the extent to which different studies come up with similar results.
Reliability
Using police records, crime repots, and economic reports, Max will test his hypothesis that unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than men who are employed. He will most likely use a form of --- analysis to test his hypothesis.
Quantitative
In research, to generalize ones findings to a total population, what is the most important quality the sample must possess?
Representativeness
What is the greatest flaw in using self-administered questionnaires for a research study?
Researchers loose control over the conditions in which they are administered
What is the major problem in using participant observation as a research tool?
Generalized Ability
Suicide rates are among the highest with whom..
Elderly
While conducting research on domestic abuse, Tanya asked workers at a battered women's shelter " What do you think causes some men to abuse their wives?" and then permitted them to elaborate on their answers. What is the term used to describe such a question with this type of answering option?
Open ended question
Steve and Naomi are counting the empty whisky bottles in trash cans to measure the level of whisky consumption in town. These researchers are using a method of research referred to as ...
Unobtrusive measures
Matthew is completing his master's thesis which addresses the culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs. For the past 6 months he has been riding with such a gang, observing and describing their behavior in an attempt to present a view of these gangs from the gang members perspective. Matthew is employing which research method?
Quantitative Research Method
What are the 3 qualities on which research ethics are base?
Openness, honesty, and truth
Why did a number of sociologists think Laud Humphreys research on tearooms was unethical?
He did not identify himself as a researcher
Language, beliefs, values, norms behavior, material objects and technology passed from one generation to the next by members of society describe...
Culture
Jewelry, art, hairstyles and clothing each represent examples of ...
Material Culture
Comparing the refusal of Christians to accept Islam as a valid religion is to ethnocentrism as making a sincere effort to understand the practice of having multiple wives in some societies is to ...
Cultural Relativism
Sociologists use the concept "norms" to describe...
Rules of behavior that develop out of values
When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time their values and norms reflect the dominant culture of their society, the group would be considered a ...
Sub - Culture
Which of the following groups would NOT be an example of a counter culture?
Chicago Club Fans
Most American high schools routinely schedule ceremonies to recognize the most talented student athletes and scholars. Such activities illustrate the important that Americans place on the value of ...
Achievement
In the "Nature vs. Nurture" argument regarding socialization, the "nurture" component refers to ...
Social environment
Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?
Intimate, early, social reaction
The process by which we develop a sense of self referred to as the "looking glass self" was developed by ...
Charles Cooley
George Herbet Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages which are the ---, ---, and --- stages
play, games, and imitation
What concept do sociologists have in mind when they say "society makes us human"?
Socialization
Our image of who we are called is the ...
Self
What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes and expectations of the public?
Generalized Others
Mead describes the active, creative and spontaneous part of the self as the ...
I
According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening, and looking and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the --- stage.
Sensory motor
How does the mass media influence gender roles in the contemporary American society?
Because it reinforces gender roles considered appropriate for ones sex
People and groups that influence our orientation to life, our self-concept, emotions, attitude, and behavior are called ...
Agents of socialization
What term applies to the stages people pass through from birth to death, beginning with "childhood" and concluding with the "older years" ?
The life course