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Vocabulary unit 10


thoroughly skilled
an expert
syn: masterful, accomplished, proficient
ant: clumsy, unskilled, maladroit; novice


to have ambitious hopes or plans, strive toward a higher goal, desire earnestly; to ascend
syn: seek, yearn, aim for, soar


bare, dreary, dismal
syn: grim, cheerless, gloomy, desolate, barren
ant: rosy, cheerful, sunny, promising, encouraging


to blame; scold
syn: upbraid, reprimand, rebuke, chastise
ant: approve, praise, compliment, pat on the back


worthy of scorn, contemptible
syn: low, vile, cheap, sordid, detestable
ant: praiseworthy, commendable, meritorious


small, smaller than most others of the same type
syn: undersized, miniature, tiny, compact
ant: oversized, gigantic, huge, enormous


to free from slavery; to release or liberate
syn: set loose, unchain, unshackle, unfetter
ant: enslave, snare, chain, shackle


incorrect, containing mistakes
syn: mistaken, fallacious, all wrong
ant: accurate, correct, exact, unerring


to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit
a feat, deed
syn: utilize, turn to advantage, misuse


made or delivered on the spur of the moment
syn: spontaneous, impromptu, off-the-cut
ant: planned, rehearsed, prepared


to make imperfect, damage, harm
syn: injure, mar, disable, cripple, enervate
ant: improve, strengthen, promote, advance


not able to be defeated, unbeatable
syn: unconquerable, indomitable, insuperable
ant: vulnerable, conquerable, surmountable


drooping; without energy, sluggish
syn: lazy, sluggish, listless, slack, lethargic
ant: lively, energetic, vigorous, enlivening


mud; wet, swampy ground, a tough situation
syn: marsh, swamp, bog, slough


forward; undesirably prominent; thrust out
syn: brash, impudent, conspicuous, protruding
ant: meek, reserved, deferential, recessed


an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
syn: opening, preface, prologue, preliminary
ant: conclusion, ending, closing, epilogue


to cause to become; to perform; to deliver offivially; to process; extract
syn: present, furnish, submit, make, effect


rough, irregular; severe, stern; strong; stormy
syn: rocky, craggy, blunt, harsh, hardy, tough
ant: smooth, flat, soft, mild, tender, delicate


inclined to doubt; slow to accept something as true
syn: dubious, suspicious, incredulous
ant: believing, credulous, gullible, ingenuous


untidy in dress, personal habits, etc.; careless, sloppy
syn: messy, untidy, slovenly, slapdash, cursory
ant: tidy, neat, orderly, careful, painstaking

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