IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) More terms

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i
eat, believe, agree
ɪ (I)
it, think, complicity
e
ate, chaotic, hurricane
ɛ
ebb, bet, tent
æ
at, bat, habitat
a
car (Brooklynese), ask, dance
ɑ
on, father, schwa
ɒ
watch, wander, Gotham
ɔ
ought, gnawed, Shaw
o
oboe, shrove, poncho
ʊ (U)
umlaut, put, took
u
pool, true
ʌ (^)
(accented) up, above, Dutch
ə (schwa vowel)
(unaccented) Above, genEsis, datA
r
(general use r sound) rear
ɝ
(accented syllable, r sounded) butter, nurse - American English
ɜ
(accented syllable, r not sounded) further, bird - British English
ɚ (əɹ)
(unaccented syllable, r sounded) further, mother - American Southern
ɪə
beer, here, steer (Southern)
ɛə
there, head, west (Southern)
eɪ (eI)
eight, great, weigh
aɪ (aI)
aisle, time, cry
aʊ (aU)
ouch, how, allow
ɔɪ
oil, choice, employ
oʊ (oU)
oat, toad, throw
ju
union, you, review
p
peep
b
bob
t
tat
d
dad
k
kick
g
gag
m
mam
n
Nan
ŋ
singing
f
fife
v
vivid
s
seal
z
zeal
Ɵ
think
ð
the, that
ʃ
sheep
Ʒ
vision
h
hot
l
lily
hw
what
w
watt
j
yet
ʧ
church
ʤ
judge
ɾ
buTTer (double letter)
ɹ
red
ʦ
piZZA, TSunami
dz
aDZe, adds
Voiced Consonants
A consonant where the vocal cords ARE vibrating when the sound is being made (ex. p, t, k)
Voiceless Consonants
A consonant where the vocal cords are NOT vibrating when the sound is being made (ex. p, t, k)
Plosives
Temporarily blocked air is suddenly released (ex. p, b, t, d, k, g)
Nasals
The sound wave is directed through the nasal resonating chambers rather than through the mouth (ex. m, n, ŋ)
Fricatives
Air is restricted by a partial closure in the throat or mouth so that an audible friction results (ex. f, v, ð, Ɵ, ʃ, s, Ʒ, z, h)
Semivowels
The sound of the consonant is full enough to achieve a vowel-like quality (ex. l, r)
Glides
Movement of articulators while forming a consonant causes a change of sound during pronunciation (ex. hw, w, j)
Combinations
A plosive and a fricative consonant are put together as one sound (ex. ʧ, ʤ)
'
Accented syllable (precedes it)
ex. 'running, a'bout
:
Prolonged vowel (held, not made into diphthong)
ex. (Brooklynese) car
ɔ:
Daniel Jones symbol for Standard English fuller/rounder ɔ
ex. ought, law
Ɂ
Glottal stop
ex. unh-unh
ʳ
(Raised r) signifies a tongue tap
ɛʳ
Variant of ɛr (most used in Scotch, Russian, and Italian); replaces ɝ
ex. air
~
Indicates nasality (placed over regular symbol)
y
Made by pursing lips in a tight circle with the tip and sides of the tongue against lower teeth and the jaw dropped a little as in u (French sound)
ex. pool
œ:
French vowel made by forming ɛr but with lips pursed, jaw dropped, and pharyngeal cavity hollowed
ex. acteur (french word)
x
Made by relatively heavy expulsion of breath on vowel ɑ (German and Scotch)
ex. on, ach!, loch (Scotch)
ç
Heavily aspirated (German and Scotch)
ex. right (ri-k-t), bright (bri-k-t)
β
Cross between b and v; made by bringing upper and lower lips together as for b until they almost close, and in this position saying v (Spanish and Japanese)
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