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26 terms

6.3 Comparison of Compact & Spongy Bone

What are the two types of bone connective tissue are present in most bones?
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Compact bone
Dense or cortical bone, solid. In long bones, compact bone forms the solid external walls of the bone
Spongy bone
Cancellous or trabecular bone, porous, like a sponge, located internally within the epiphyses
Trabecular bone
open lattice or narrow plates of bone, NO OSTEONS, but PARALLEL LAMELLAE
Flat Bone of skull, the spongy bone is called
diploe (double) sandwiched between two layers of compact bone
Osteon (Haversian system)
The basic functional and structural unti of mature commpact bone, three dimensional structure
What is between adjacent lamellae, and what are they resting in?
OsteoCYTES resting in lacunae with canaliculi
How do nutrients reach the osteoCYTES
by diffusion through canaliculi that open onto the surfaces of the trabeculae
a meshwork of crisscrossing bars and plates of bone pieces provides resistence
Spaces in Bone
central canal, canaliculi and lacunae
What are the components of an Osteon (Haversian system) ?
The central canal, concentric lamellae, osteocytes, canaliculi, perforating canals, circumferential lamellae, interstital lamellae
Central canal
channel in center of osteon containing blood vessels and nerves which supply bone
Concentric lamellae
rings of bone connective tissue surrounding the central canal
Housed in lacunae and are found between adjacent concentric lamellae
Small hair-like canals (on the end of bugs) extending from the central canal. Allow for diffusion of nutrients, waste products, hormones, etc. to lacunae.
Perforating canals
(Volkmann Canals)structures through which blood vessels enter and exit the bone shaft (perpendicular) connect multiple central canals.
What type of lamellae will you find beneath the periosteum?
circumferential lamellae
Interstital lamellae
incomplete, no canal, leftover parts of osteons that have been partially resorbed
What are some ORganic components of bone?
Cells, collagen fibers, and ground substance
What are some INorganic components of bone?
Calcium phosphate
Where is the central canal located?
Center of the osteon or (Haversian system)
Where is the canaliculi located?
Permit intercellular contact and communication
Nutrients, minerals, gases and wastes travel through these passageways between the central canal and the osteocytes
Where is the lacunae located?
holes or pits in the osteon around the
Each lamella contains collagen fibers oriented in one direction. adjacent lamellae contain collgen fibers oriented in alternating directions
gap; missing part where chondrocytes reside
cells that produce the matrix of the cartilage and become encased in it then they become chrondroCYTES