OT Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (94)
The participation of man in God's eternal law that reveals what he intends us to do and avoid according to his wise and loving plan. What man knows in his own soul to be right or wrong.
Idol worship; false worship of many gods
a sin that involves hateful words against God, Jesus, or even the Church
self-mastery over one's sexuality
telling a person's faults for no good reason
gossiping about another person
desire something that is not one's own
the seeking of riches and the power that comes with them
Laws that rely on punishment as a deterrent to criminal activity
Laws that are concerned primarily with restoring community after an offense has occurred. The goal is to keep the community together, as the survival of the society depended on everyone fulfilling his or her role (RESTORE)
Holiest day of the year for Jewish people. Day of Atonement and repentance. Parallels to Advent and Lent.
every seventh sabbatical year (every 49 years). In a year of Jubilee all debts were to be forgiven, and land that had been sold to pay a debt was returned. The wealth of the entire community was redistributed among the poor. Prevented gaps between rich and poor.
parallels with the Crucifixion, Advent, and Lent. Where the people laid their hands on the goat, "transferring their sins" and the goat was driven out to the desert to die.
the six books of the Bible influenced in their language and theology by the book of Deuteronomy, including: Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings. Oral and written stories.
set in the time just before the arrival of the Israelites in Canaan in about 1250 B.C. Similarities between Deuteronomy and Deuteronomic History books. In Deuteronomy: the Temple is the only acceptable location for sacrifice, astrology and worship of the stars is forbidden, and celebrating the Passover is legally required among all Israelites.
the idea, unique to the Israelites, that God will fight, not just with them, but for them against their enemies. The Fall of Jericho.
Judge in Hebrew, also temporary military leader
in ancient Isreal, one who acted as a temporary military leader, as well as arbiter of disputes within and between tribes. Judges were also expected to remind the people of their responsibility to God.
Samson. Letting your hair grow freely for God
the marriage of a widow to a near relative of her deceased husband. The first male child of a levirate marriage would be considered the legal son of the widow's first husband.
the abandonment or renunciation of a religious belief. Stray away from God
a miniature world
Military Leader right after Moses, End of Exodus beginning of Monarchy, leader in Fall of Jericho
Prostitute that housed Israelite spies in story of Fall of Jericho
Judge, a women who successfully called a war in which Israel was victorious, and is heralded in the famous song, "Song of Deborah"
Judge, a man who had serious doubts about God's ability to lead his people
Judge, Strength in his hair, considered wise yet allowed his love ore the wrong woman to lead him to foolish decisions
Samsons's wife, Philistine woman who cut Samson's hair
Prophet to Saul
Infancy Narrative. Transitional character. Brings period of Judges to end by establishing monarchy. Really the first OT prophet. Called as a youth by God. informed the people that rejected God as king that bad things would happen if they had a king.
King of Judah
The last independent king of Judah, and one of the only two kings to receive unmitigated praise. Religious reforms attempting to purify the worship of Yahweh in the Temple. Killed in battle with the Egyptians.
List the three different collections of the Law found in the Pentateuch, as well as where they are found:
1, Covenant code (Exodus 20-23)
2. Deuteronomic Code (Dueteronomy 5-28)
3. Levitical Code (Leviticus)`
How is the emphasis on restorative justice found in the Law of Moses echoed by the Sacrament of Reconciliation in the Catholic Church?
It is used to restore your relationship with God and with the community
How were the Laws of Sacrifice (Leviticus 1-6:7) connected to the Israelite understanding of sin and forgiveness? How does this understanding, particularly the "Scapegoat Ritual" relate to the Sacrifice of Christ on the Cross?
The Laws of Sacrifice were when you sin you must be forgiven and when you sin you pollute the temple and have to cleanse it. The Israelites used a scapegoat to save themselves from sin, and we save ourselves by using Jesus as a scapegoat. We sacrifice him
List the four classes of animals found in the purity laws:
1. Land animals
2. Sea animals (fish)
3. Air animals (birds)
4. Winged Insects
Explain the connection between the strict dietary laws of the Jews, and their experience as exiles during the
Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic Empires
The connection between the strict dietary laws of the Jews during the exiles of the Israelited during Babylonian, Persian, and Hellenistic Empires is that they kept a strict diet to keep their identity and distinguish them from the rest of the community; Also to prevent assimilation and stray from Yahweh.
List the six books of Deuteronomic History
c. 1 Samuel
d. 2 Samuel
e. 1 Kings
f. 2 Kings
Why is the Book of Ruth not considered Deuteronomic History, even though it's found among those books in the Old Testament? Explain the theory of Martin Noth as part of your answer.
The Book of Ruth is not considered Deuteronomic History because it is more a dramatic story than a history. Martin Noth, a Biblical Scholar, has a thesis that the books of Deuteronomic History are actually part of one long work containing similar language to the Book of Deuteronomy, which the Book of Ruth does not contain.
Explain how the phrase stating that the Israelites must worship Yahweh with "heart and soul" is used as evidence to explain the connection between the Book of Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic Histories
The phrase is only used the Book of Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic Histories. It is not used anywhere else.
Explain the "origins" of the Book of Deuteronomy according to 2Kings.
It was found by the high priest in the temple of the Lord, while Josiah was king.
What is the setting for the Book of Deuteronomy? What kind of book is it?
The Book of Deuteronomy is set near the Jordan River. Deuteronomy is a book included in the Pentateuch. It is a book of Law. It is set in the end of the Exodus period, right before Israelites arrive in Canaan. Roughly around 1200 BC
Why was the Book of Deuteronomy significant during the reign of Josiah? When and where was the reign of Josiah?
It lead to the Deuteronomic reforms. it was from 641-610 B.C.
12. Explain the significance of the Crossing of the Jordan River in the Book of Joshua. How is this an example of Inclusio? Explain the significance of the Ark leading the procession to the Jordan. What does the Ark represent for the Israelites?
It is significant and an example of Inclusio because it is an end to the exodus stories. The Jordan River stopping is an inclusio to the Crossing of the Red Sea in the book of Exodus. The Ark represents the covenant between God and his people.
How do the stories of Joshua and Gideon exemplify the concept of "Miracle Warfare"?
Joshua- Exemplifies the concept of "Miracle Warfare" by God appearing to Joshua before the Fall of Jericho and telling him to walk around the city blowing horns and yelling for 7 days then on the seventh day YHWH will bring the walls down.
Gideon- Exemplifies the concept of "Miracle Warfare" by God going to Gideon and telling him that they won the war because "My own power saved me" which is God's power not the Gideons
How does the story of Samson serve as a microcosm for the Period of the Judges?
The story of Samson serves as a microcosm for the Period of the Judges because while Samson has strong trust and reliance on YHWH, Samson is powerful and successful, but straying from the covenant leads to his disaster.
Explain the Deuteronomic Cycle of Judgement on Israel found throughout the Book of Judges:
Ark of the Covenant
The portable shrine built to hold the tablets on which Moses wrote the Law. It was a sign of God's presence to the Israelites. Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem to house the ark.`
The twelve loaves of bread presented on the altar every Sabbath as an offering to Yahweh. The priests consumed the bread at the end of every week. (This is also sometimes spelled "showbread").
Largest of the three rooms in the Temple. Houses a table of Showbread
Holy of Holies
One of three rooms. Houses the Ark of the Covenant
Tent that housed the Ark of the Covenant during the Exodus
Southern Kingdom. House of David. Lasts until 587 BC. Defeated by Babylon in 587 BC
A religion that tends to support the power of the ruling class over the common people. Supported Yahweh worship as long as other deities
the Hebrew word for Prophet
A story that describes a person's initial awareness that God wanted him or her to do something specific. Calls have 5 common elements: 1) Something mysterious about the encounter 2) God acts first 3) the prophet resists 4) God reassures 5) God sends the prophet on his/her mission.
Opening words of a prophetic speech, "Thus says the Lord" or "The Lord said"
Explain the positive results of the Monarchy according to the text
a. Nation- Israel became a nation with a strong central leadership, as opposed to a fragmented cluster of clans during the time of the judges
b. Davidic Line- David, a dynasty was formed with an ancestral line that eventually led to the birth of a messiah, or the anointed by God.
c. Spiritually (specifically the reigns of Solomon and Josiah)-
According to the text, what were the two most significant criticisms of the kings which came from the prophets
the kings encouraged polytheistic worship
b. The kings allowed an economic system to develop that rewarded the rich and punished the poor
Explain the David and Goliath story/archetype. How/why is David successful according to the story?
David is the unlikely hero. It is very often played out in Hollywood movies now. David is successful because of his cleverness, faith, and courage. He was not able to win without God, but he won because he trusted God and had faith in God.
Explain the David and Saul story. How does 1Samuel explain David's rise and Saul's Fall?
After David concurred Goliath, everyone loved David. Everyone chanted and rejoiced his name. Saul got a little jealous because he had killed thousands of people. He is paranoid, raged, and afraid, so he tries to kill David. Saul starts to hunt David down, so David hides in a cave. Saul goes into the cave to go to the bathroom, and that is when David kills him. He "caught him with his pants down"
List 3 major prophets
What distinguishes the major prophets from the other prophets?
The Major Prophets have longer stories. It does not refer to importance
Explain how 1Sm8 (Establishment of the Monarchy) foreshadows the entire historical period of the Monarchy and Divided Kingdoms. What is the message of 1Sm8?
1 Samuel 8 describes the Establishment of the Monarchy- foreshadows the events of the Period
a. Suggests... Its written down after the monarchy, after nation falls apart, after fall of Jerusalem, after the fall of the temple
The message is not about his story, but about faith
Explain why it is significant that Solomon is the son of Bathsheba and David.
David sinned many times to get with Bathsheba, and he even had her husband, Uriah killed. Then, David repents and he is forgiven. This shows that God can work through even our sins.
reign of Saul
around 1020 BC
Reign of David
Reign of Solomon
Kingdoms of Split
Fall of North
Reign of Josiah
Fall of South/Destruction of Jerusalem
Explain how the prophets inherited the role of Moses
The patterns of the call narratives are the same as Moses' call to be God's delivere of the people of Israel in Egyptian slavery. The prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah protested that they were not good enough to talk to God, like Moses did
Explain how the prophets were social revolutionaries
The prophets were social revolutionaries because they came to the scene as soon as the poor were treated poorest or the Israelites were under oppression
Explain how the prophets were "messengers of God":
Prophets were messengers of God because they receive God's message and had to deliver it to whomever he tells too
the first king of Israel, anointed by the prophet Samuel. He was never able to fully unite the twelve tribes and organize them into a recognizable nation
Unites 12 tribes of Israel into one nation. Conquers Trans-Jordanian states. More of a warrior than administrator. Jesus was a descendant. King of Israel during the "Golden Age". Fall of David is the relationship with Bathseba and killing of Uriah.
Most likely a Philistine that David killed, had much better weapons and strength than David but was killed by him
Prophet to David
wife of Uriah, Mother of Solomon
Husband of Bathseba
Great builder. Built a temple. David and Bathsheba's son. Last king of united monarchy. Very wise.
a Canaanite princes, married to Ahab, one of the Kings of the northern kingdom. Orchestrated the murder of Naboth in order to get his property for her husband
Married Jezebel, wanted Naboth's land
Land owner, killed by Jezebel to get his land for Ahab
leader of the north
son of Solomon. Beat the people with scorpions
Only other king to receive unmitigated praise along with Josiah
Prince of Babylon that destroyed the Temple the first time
successor/assistant to what prophet?
Raises the Sunammite's son, the Barley Loaves, and Cures Naaman's Leprosy
Active during the 9th century, Northern Kingdom of Israel
Comes from where?
Minister to which kingdom?
Message of Justice?
Book of Amos, southern Kingdom (Judah)
taught in Northern Kingdom
contrast to Amos?
Active in 8th and 9th century, Northern Kingdom
Amos - Negative; Hosea - message of Hope
his wife; a prostitute. their marriage symbolizes the love between Israelites and God.
3 different messages?
Promise of the Messiah-Advent?
Isaiah Ch. 1-39
Deutero Isaiah Ch. 40-55
Be a suffering servant for God
Trito Isaiah Ch. 56-66
Message of Hope
Invites all nations to join Israel
Isaiah- 740 BC, divided kingdom, Judah
Deutero Isaiah - 545 BC, Exile, Babylon
Trito Isaiah - after the Exile, diaspora, lands other than Palestine
Suffering servant forshadows Jesus Christ
Priest and a Prophet
Divisions in Book of Ezekiel?
Connections to Lamentations?
Time of Babylonian Exile in Babylon
Setting of Holiness or Mystery
The person resists
God send them on a mission
The Call- sees the throne of God in Heaven
The Tour of Sin - sees pagan worship and rituals performed
The Restored Israel- vison about restoration of Israel
Valley of Dry Bones- sees the bones of dead Israelites
Does not go seek people; waits for them to come for him
Builds a model of Jerusalem
Cuts off his hair
Packs an Exile bag and is seen re-enacting the events of being exiled by Babylon
Returns to his model of the city of Jerusalem
Does not mourn when wife dies in customary ways
Puts 2 sticks together to unify restoration of Israel after seeing dry bones
Lived during the time
Confined in his home / Lamentations speaks of people bound by chains
Eat impure foods / Lamentations echoes concern of feeding oneself
Ezekiel acts out the tri-fold punishment / Lamentations bemoans the lonely city
Keeps reliving events of Exile / Lamentations mourns the fate of Judah
Image of swords in both
What historical period?
where did he minister?
Conflict with what King/Queen?
Conflict with Priests of Baal @ Mt. Carmel
REvelation @ Mount Horeb?
"Chariot of Fire"?
Northern Kingdom of Israel
Ahab and Jezebel
Mission to restore covenant and purify the faith among the people
How Elijah got to heaven
Attack on the Temple?
active during Babylonian Exile in Judah
Josiah and sons tried to follow Jeremiah's advice
Linked to the destruction of the Temple of Solomon
people would not believe him about God