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HMGT 2460 Quiz #10
Terms in this set (20)
This is the spongy bone found at the end of long bones.
This is a two-step process through which bone is recycled and occurs throughout adulthood.
By this age bone resorption occurs more rapidly than bone formation.
This is the most abundant major mineral in the body.
Iron is a component of numerous proteins in the body. About two thirds of all iron in the body is found in the oxygen-carrying protein in our red blood cells. What is this protein called?
This vitamin and parathyroid hormone (PTH) work together to regulate blood calcium levels.
This is the primary active form of vitamin D.
Iron absorbed from the diet depends on many factors. Which of the following has no effect on iron absorption?
High Iron Stores
Zinc is a trace mineral with multiple functions. Which of the following is an enzymatic function of zinc?
Zinc is required for digestion and metabolism
This mineral is a cofactor for more than 300 enzyme systems and is necessary for the production of ATP.
About 35% of bone is a mixture of organic substances that provide flexibility. Which of the following is part of these substances?
Bone fractures of the spine and hip caused by aging are usually found in this type of bone.
The absorption of this mineral is decreased when the diet is high in fiber and phytates.
Which of the following people will most likely require Vitamin D supplementation?
A fair-skinned elderly female who does not go outside much
In adults a long-term vitamin D deficiency results in this condition.
Vitamin K is involved in the synthesis of this protein involved in bone turnover.
This mineral combines with calcium to form hydroxyaptite crystals that provide bone hardness.
Too much of this mineral increases the protein content of tooth enamel, making teeth more porous.
This trace mineral is critical for iron transport.
This is a substance found in plant foods that binds dietary calcium affecting absorption into the body.
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