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Terms in this set (61)
structure of the body parts
function of the body parts
what are the 8 characteristics of life?
movement, responsiveness, growth, reproduction, respiration, digestion, absorption, circulation, assimilation, excretion
what is the difference between cilia and flagella?
cilia are small and have lots of small tiny hairs, flagella are few and have long tails
What was the purpose of the incredible egg lab?
Location where proteins are modified and repackaged for their final destination
tubular canals extending from the nucleus to the cell membrane for transport, detoxification, lipid and carbohydrate synthesis
tubular canals extending from the nucleus to the cell membrane for protein synthesis and cellular transport
membrane bound structure containing the DNA of the cell-the control center of the cell
membrane sacs containing digestive enzymes to digest food or bread down old cell parts and invading viruses or bacteria
cells that contain DNA in a ring (no true nucleus)
cells that contain a true nucleus and membrane bound organelles
regulates what enters and leaves the cell to maintain homeostasis
plasma cell membrane
peanut shaped organelles with a double membrane that convert glucose into ATP energy--location of cellular respiration
site of protein synthesis
movement of particles through the cell membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
movement of solute particles from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration against the concentration gradient
movement of cells or other large particles into the cell by trapping them in a section of cell membrane
diffusion of small solute particles through a selectively permeable membrane separating large and small particles
diffusion of particles through a membrane by means of carrier molecules/proteins
diffusion of water through a membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of low water concentration
movement of fluid and dissolved molecules into the cell by trapping them in a section of cell membrane
movement of proteins or other substances out of the cell
How are mitosis and meiosis different
mitosis is 1 division, and meiosis is 2, mitosis is 2 identical daughter cells, while meiosis is 4 sperm, mitosis is for growth and development, while meiosis is for reproduction
what form of cell division results in gametes (egg and sperm)
which form of cell division results in two genetically identical daughter cells?
mitosis is cell division for what?
growth, development and repair
meiosis is a cell division for?
What is double stranded has thymine and a nucleus
What is single stranded has uracil nucleus, cytoplasm, and ribosomes
What is the process of mRNA making a single stranded copy of DNA in the nucleus
what is the process of tRNA decoding mRNA and assembling amino acids in the ribosomes to form a protein
What is cells working together for a similar function
what are the four types of tissue in the human body?
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
what are the 5 functions of epithelial tissue?
proteciton, secretion, excretion, absorption, sensory
single layer of epithelial
multi layered of epithelial
flat cells of epithelial
cube shaped of epithelial
rectangular shape of epithelial
appears stratified but is not of epithelial
what type of cell is a goblet cell next to
what does the goblet cell do
what are the four types of connective tissue
adipose, cartilage, bone, blood
bone tissue is made up of what 3 types of cells?
osteoblasts, osteocytes, osteoclasts
cartilage is made up of cells called?
what is blood tissue comprised of
red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelets
what are the four functions of blood
oxygen, nutrients, fight disease, get rid of waste
three types of muscle tissue
skeleton, cardiac, smooth
what is the function of the nervous system
senses, direct signals
where is the nervous tissue found in the body
brain, spinal column, skin muscles, bone, eyes, ears, nose, mouth
superficial to deep what are the three main layers of the skin?
5 main layers of the epidermis
startum corneum, lucidum, aranulosum, spinosum basale,
2 layers of dermis
pupillary region, reticular region
which layer of the skin are the glands found
reticular region of dermis
where and what is the sebaceous gland
hair follicle, to secrete oil
where and what are the ceruminous gland
ear canal, to secrete wax
where and what is the sweat gland
all over skin, to sweat
what is the main pigment that causes skin color
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