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61 terms

Information Literacy Final

Harrison College INF1100 Heidi Holmer, Instructor
STUDY
PLAY
Primary sources
Original source materials, including letters, autobiographies (not biographies), interviews, recordings of speeches, photographs, & newspaper articles from the time of the event
Secondary sources
Materials created after the original time or event, including magazine and journal articles, most books, and biographies (not autobiographies)
Information literacy
The abilities to find, access, retrieve, evaluate, use, and communicate information
Critical thinking
The skill to distinguish between assumption and fact, maintaining objectivity, and considering issues from multiple perspectives and adequate depth
Synthesis
Combine separate thoughts to form a concept
Inference
Draw conclusions from evidence or facts
Analysis
Break down complex concepts into parts and then study how the parts are related to each other in making up the whole
Evaluation
Critically examine something, given a specific set of criteria
Explanation
Make the thought process, facts, or concepts clear
SCANS Report
A document commissioned by the Secretary of Labor that outlines skills required for workplace success
Creative thinking
The process of actively exploring possibilities, generating alternatives, keeping an open mind toward change, and combining ideas to create something new
Problem solving
A systematic process to find a solution to a question or issue
5 Steps of Effective Research
Step 1: Define the need
Step 2: Find the information
Step 3: Evaluate the information
Step 4: Organize the information
Step 5: Communicate the information
Focused research question
Breaks down the main research question by asking who, what, where, when, why, and how
Nonfiction
Information presented as fact
Reference desk
An information desk in a library
Reference source
An authoritative and often subject-specific material in the library from which information can be drawn
Peer-reviewed article
A journal article that has been reviewed, or refereed, by other experts in the field
OPAC
Online public access catalog - A resource providing electronic records of materials that a library owns
Database
A collection of digitized information organized for fast searching and simple retrieval
Search engine
An online tool for finding web pages on certain topics (Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc.)
Trade publication
A periodical for a specific industry or business area that is usually published by an association tied to the specific trade or business area
Almanac
A publication that provides statistics, lists, figures, tables, and specific facts for a variety of areas and is typically published on an annual or other regular basis
Atlas
A collection of geographical, historical information, or other type of information, including maps, charts, descriptions, tables, demographic information, natural resources statistics, and data on the physical features
Concordance
An alphabetical list of the most pertinent works in a given text and a notation of where the words might be found within that text
Scholarly journal
A periodical published by an educational institution or a professional association that provides reports for original research, experiments, or studies to professionals in the field
Periodical index
A cumulative list of articles from a specified group of periodicals
Encyclopedia
A collection of detailed articles on a wide range of subjects often used to find background information on a subject
Popular magazine
A periodical that provides information on topics of interest to the general public, including news, entertainment, life styles, popular culture, leisure reading, parenting, and so on
Thesaurus
A collection of synonyms, near synonyms, antonyms, phrases, and slang terms for words
Handbook
A resource that provides concise data, usually in table or chart form, on a specialized subject area, including current statistics, procedures, instructions, or other specific information on a narrow subject
LC Classification
System of cataloging books developed by the Library of Congress. The call numbers start with letters, and it's the system Harrison College uses.
Dewey Classification
System of cataloging books using decimal numbers. The call numbers start with numbers, and it's the system used by most public and elementary school libraries.
Cutter
A letter-number combination, used after the first part of a call number, to represent the author (.A67, .N3, etc.)
Boolean operators
A set of terms that can be used to combine search terms (AND, NOT, OR, etc.)
Cataloging
Collecting and organizing information
Bloom's Taxonomy
A simple-to-complex style of organization
Hierarchical organization
An organization scheme that's used when information is best conveyed in a specific order
Categorical or conceptual organization
An organization scheme that's used to combine separate ideas that must be understood before synthesizing the information
Alphabetical organization
An organization scheme that's used when the reader must locate information by a key word
Chronological organization
An organization scheme that's used to convey time or a sequence of events
Bar chart
A type of graph that compares things between different groups or tracks large changes over time and can be drawn vertically or horizontally; a simple way to compare values
Area chart
A type of graph that displays trends and their magnitude over time
Pie chart
A type of graph that lets the reader easily see the relationship of parts to the whole
Scatter chart
A type of graph that compares pairs of values using the same situations. This type graphic is especially good tracking changes in two or more related groups that form one whole category (for example profit and not-for-profit education organizations).
Trademark
A form of industrial property, it is a word, phrase, or symbol that represents or distinguishes a company.
Books, musical works, works of art, translations
What is protected by copyright law?
Ideas, concepts, procedures
What is not protected by copyright law?
Step 1: Define the need
Step 2: Find the information
Step 3: Evaluate the information
Step 4: Organize the information
Step 5: Communicate the information
What are the 5 steps of effective research?
Public domain
A work is transferred into _______________ when it is no longer protected by copyright
Fair use
Allowing for limited educational or research purposes, using copyrighted materials without the copyright owner's permission
Plagiarism
Using someone else's work without acknowledging the original creator
APA Style
A writing and citation style that is used in the social sciences and is the official style of Harrison College
Channels of communication
Different ways to communicate, including expressing information visually, verbally, and in writing
Decode the message
The message is readable in an appropriate format
Send the message
The message is delivered
Encode the message
The message is created in a style and at a level the audience can understand
Understand the message
The message is comprehended
Interpret the message
The message is clear
Select a channel
A method of communication is chosen to deliver the message
Receive the message
The message is obtained