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Large bodies of land. There are seven, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.


Large bodies of salt water. There are four, Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, and Pacific.


Half of the globe. The globe can be divided two ways.


Imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe. They are also called parallels because they never touch each other.


an imaginary line around the middle of the globe. It divides the globe into the Northern Hemishpere and the Southern Hemisphere.


Imaginary lines that run noth and south along the globe. They are also called meridians because they touch each other at the north and south poles.

Prime Meridian

The starting line for measuring lines of longitude.

Cardinal Directions

the four main directions. They are north, south, east, and west. We use the letters N,S,E, and W.

Intermediate Directions

are halfway between cardinal directions. There are four, northeast,southeast, northwest, and southwest. We use the letters NE, SE, NW, and SW.

Compass Rose

a small drawing on a map that shows directions. it may look like a cross.


a scale shows how much smaller something is. Maps show things much smaller than they really are. A scale is used to tell how much smaller.


a small picture that stands for something else.

Map Key

tells what each symbol means. Also called a legend.


a small map that is set in the corner of a larger map.

Political Map

shows borders between states or countries.

Physical Map

highlights earth's natural features, like mountains, forest, rivers, and lakes.

Relief Map

a physical map that uses shading to show the difference in height between land.

Elevation Map

is a physical map that uses color to show elevation, or height of land, above sea level.

Road Map

shows how to drive from one place to another.

Historical Map

shows information about the past.

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