(vertical integration) An industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry. Also an important philanthropist.
Bryan, William Jennings
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925).
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. HULL HOUSE.
Headed the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She educated the public about the dangers of alcohol abuse.
Mahan, Alfred T.
Author who argued in 1890 that the economic future of the United States rested on new overseas markets protected by a larger navy. Wrote "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History".
Dole, Sanford B.
1894 wealthy, plantation owner and politician who was named President of New Republic of Hawaii. He asked US to annex Hawaii.
Lodge, Henry Cabot
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations at the end of WWI.
Muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910.
Wells, Ida B.
African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride street cards or shop in white owned stores.
African American leader durign the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Was an American aviation pioneer and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, now part of Curtiss-Wright Corporation. His company sold the first airplanes in the USA. Huge industrial enterprise during WWI.
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible.
1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
A lawyer for the NAACP. First African American justice in the Supreme Court. Won Brown vs. Board.
Arkansas governor that called in National guard that blocked the Little Rock Nine from entering school.
1919-1998. Four time governor of Alabama. Most famous for his pro-segregation attitude and was a symbol for states' rights.
This racist restaurant owner closed his restaurant rather than integrate. He eventually became governor and hired more blacks to office than all prior governors combined.
Wrote The Feminine Mystique credited with starting the second wave of woman's liberation movement, question domestic fulfillment, founded NOW.
An American senator for Arizona who ran against Johnson for president. His extreme conservatism scared many into voting for Johnson.
Founder of Wal-Mart.
Find new ways to serve your customers by challenging assumptions about your business and considering outsider perspectives
O Connor, Sandra Day
First woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan.
Anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family.
Pershing, John J.
Commander of American Expeditionary Forces in World War I
President whose detente opened talks with China and the USSR.
President who resigned prior to impeachment due to a break in at the Democratic National Headquarters in the Watergate building.
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Supreme Commander of Allied Forces on D-Day this 5 star general went on to be the twice elected President of the US responsible for the interstate highway system.
Decorated veteran of WWII he is the first African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor
During his presidency the decisions were made to use atomic weapons to end WWII and integrate the armed forces.
General in the Pacific who retook the Philippine islands. During the Korean War this man executes a great invasion at Inchon, then over steps his command and is removed from office for insubordination.
Most decorated soldier for the US in WWI. Recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor who kids 24 enemy and captured 132.
Worked for women's suffrage.
The Black Panthers
Radical group in the 60's that advocated armed self-defense and a revolutionary agenda to end black oppression
Created MS-DOS system.
King, Jr., Martin Luther
Member of the executive Committee of the NAACP, writings had a significant impact on the Civil Rights movement, believed in civil disobedience.
Lindbergh, Charles A.
First pilot to complete a nonstop, solo transatlantic flight.
The Flying Tigers
American volunteer group that flew and fought for China during World War II
Native Texan who won the Congressional Medal of Honor in the Vietnam War.
World War II general that was assigned to the European Theater and was selected to be in command of the 1st US Army during the D-Day invasion. He also liberated Paris and turned back the Germans at the Battle of the Bulge
Elected the 42nd president in 1992 and served two terms. His second term was marked by impeachment proceedings against him as a result of an inappropriate relationship with a White House intern
The wife president Bill Clinton who championed health care and education issues. She is the only first lady to be elected to a US Government position as US Senator from New York and later served as Secretary of State under Barack Obama in 2008. First really viable woman main party candidate.
A signer of the Declaration of Independence and was the only surviving signer of the Declaration when he died in 1832 at the age of 95
Helped put Hawaii on the way to statehood and served as the territory governor for Hawaii
de Tocqueville, Alexis
French political thinker who authored "Democracy in America" in which he described the "exceptionalism" that he saw in America
Creator of Ford Motor in 1903 and introduced an affordable, reliable and efficient automobile for everyone using the assembly line method
1964 candidate for the presidency who lost to LBJ and is regarded by many to be the founder of the modern conservative movement
World War II vet who founded the GI forum to increase veterans' benefits for Mexican Americans but later broadened its focus. He was awarded the American Medal of Freedom for his activism and community service
Most popular Christian evangelist of the 20th century. He spoke out against Communism because it was so anti-faith.
Navajo Code Talkers
Created a code based on their native language used during WWII never broken.
President during the Cuban missile Crisis. His creative quarantine helped us avoid WWIII.
5 Star general and adviser to FDR. The plan to provide economic aid to rebuild war torn Europe after WWII is named for him.
Mother of the Civil Rights movement. Her willingness to be arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat inspired a protest boycott which brought both national attention and economic pressure against the bus company until it changed it's policy.
Texas hill country boy who eventually became the commander of the Pacific Fleet during WWII.
Illinois Senator who became the first African American President of the United States.
1980s President who's economic system sparked a period of prosperity AND was responsible for "peace through strength. This program of high military spending pushed the USSR to negotiate weapons limits because it could not keep up.
WWII tank commander who successfully lead commands in North Africa, Italy and at the Battle of the Bulge in Germany.
is an African American entrepreneur, media magnate, executive, philanthropist and investor.He is the founder of BET. He became the first black American billionaire
is a Mexican-American advertising and marketing executive credited with drawing Texas Hispanics into voting Republican.