Try the fastest way to create flashcards

chapter 8

5.0 (1 review)
Get a hint
"strict constructionists"
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 23
1 / 23
Terms in this set (23)
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798: the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years; the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens; the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at was with the US; and the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials. The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives. The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, Great Britain,
Causes of the war included British attempts to restrict U.S. trade, the Royal Navy's impressment of American seamen and America's desire to expand its territory. \
United States suffered many costly defeats at the hands of British, Canadian and Native American troops,including the capture and burning of Washington, D.C., in August 1814.
American troops were able to repulse British invasions in New York, Baltimore and New Orleans, boosting national confidence and fostering a new spirit of patriotism.
The ratification of the Treaty of Ghent on February 17, 1815, ended the war
the United States celebrated the War of 1812 as a "second war of independence," beginning an era of partisan agreement and national pride.
Gained respect of other nations - confirmed American Independence
Accepted Canada as part of the British Empire
Nullification by Federalists sets a precedent
Destroyed Native resistance
Exposed American military weakness
Made clear we needed better transportation and communication - started to build roads and canals
Finished off Federalist party
Economic growth and higher demand for luxury goods stimulated domestic manufacturing (started building factories) - why?
Increased nationalism