the land between the Tigris and Euphrates, present day Iraq
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians
belief in multiple Gods
Nebechandnezzar ordered it for his wife, who missed her green, mountainous homeland. 1 of the 7 wonders of the world
a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle vehicle
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
people trained to write using the earliest forms of writing before literacy was widespread
a pointed tool (reed) for writing or drawing
warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story
a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
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