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14 terms

Ancient Mesopotamia and the Middle East

History 2
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Mesopotamia
the land between the Tigris and Euphrates, present day Iraq
Sumerians
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
Ziggurat
a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Hanging Gardens
Nebechandnezzar ordered it for his wife, who missed her green, mountainous homeland. 1 of the 7 wonders of the world
Chariot
a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle vehicle
Cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
Scribes
people trained to write using the earliest forms of writing before literacy was widespread
Stylus
a pointed tool (reed) for writing or drawing
Sargon
warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Babylon
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Gilgamesh
the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story
Artisan
a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft