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History 2


the land between the Tigris and Euphrates, present day Iraq


People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.


a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians


belief in multiple Gods

Hanging Gardens

Nebechandnezzar ordered it for his wife, who missed her green, mountainous homeland. 1 of the 7 wonders of the world


a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle vehicle


Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets


people trained to write using the earliest forms of writing before literacy was widespread


a pointed tool (reed) for writing or drawing


warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent


Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)


the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia


the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story


a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

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