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37 terms

Islam: The Empire of Faith

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Oasis
A small area in the desert watered by springs and wells
Nomad
A member of a group that has no fixed home and moves from place to place
Tribe
Any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name
Idol
An image used as an object of worship
Bazaar
An open-air market with shops and goods for sale
Pilgrimage
A journey to a sacred place or shrine; Hajj
Koran
The sacred book of Islam
Monotheism
The belief that there is only one God
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad
Muslim
A believer in Islam
Mosque
A place of Muslim worship
Sunna
Customary procedures of living, specifically the ways and customs of Muhammad
Caliph
The civil and religious ruler of a Muslim state
Council
An assembly called to help determine the next Muslim caliph
Shiite
From the Arabic "party;" one who believes that authority passed from the prophet Muhammad to his lineal descendants
Sunni
One who follows the ways and customs of Muhammad, specifically those who accept that authority was passed down through consensus of the Muslim community
Muhammad
Founder of Islam, prophet of God
Allah
Arabic word for God
Muezzin
One that calls Muslim worshippers for prayer
Kaaba
Square building in Mecca believed by Muslims to be the house Ibrahim erected for God and the focus of Muslim worship
Hegira
Muhammad's emigration with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622
They tolorated them. They said that they were people of the book.
How did the Ottoman Empire treat people who weren't Muslim?
-making pottery
-setting up the camp site
-cooking
What were the Bedouin women in charge of?
-raiding villages
-livestock
What were the Bedouin men in charge of?
-fasting (Romadon)
-prayer (5 times a day)
-almsgiving (giving money to the poor)
-pilgramage (Hajj)
-one God (monotheism)
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Sultan
Muslim ruler, particularly the ruler of the Ottoman empire
570c.
When was Muhammad born?
632
When did Muhammad die?
-parents died
-went to live with his uncle
What happened when Muhammad was six?
There is no god but God
What did an angel tell Muhammad to recite?
610
When did Muhammad first hear from God?
-badly
How were Muhammad's followers treated?
25
How old was Muhammad when he got married?
40
How old was the women Muhammad married?
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina (hegira)
What event marked the first year of the Islamic calender?
-let the people live and have their own religion
-destroyed the idols in the Kaaba
What did Muhammad do when he concurred Mecca?
People of the book
How did Muhammad refer to people with a different religion?