AP gov final
Terms in this set (96)
The Constitutional Principle stating the government may only do those things the people have given it power to do.
The Constitutional Principle stating the power to govern lies with the people.
The requirement of the Senate to confirm Presidential nominations is an example of which Constitutional Principle?
checks and balances
What term means that each branch of government would be independent of the others?
Separation of Powers
what term means that each branch requires the consent of the others for many of its decisions
checks and balances
The fact that we have Washington, D.C. as our national government and Austin as our state gov. is and example of which constitutional principle?
powers that are specifically stated in the constitution are?
another term for expressed powers?
Powers that are NOT given to the federal gov and said to belong to the states are
powers that both the national gov and state posses and exercise
the necessary and proper clause is the basis for the
the executive branch's primary responsibility is to
the legistative branch's primary responsibility is to
the judiciary branch's primary responsibility is to
the power to declare war has been granted to only which branch?
what is found in the first article?
26 of the 27 amendments were ratified by
2/3 of congress and 3/4 of states
What says that the supreme law of the land is the Constitution, the laws of the national government , and treaties
Was added to the constitution to protect the rights of individuals, and consists of the first 10 amendments
Bill of Rights
the phrase "due process of law" refers to
rights of the accused
What clause would apply to situations that involve discrimination based on race, gender, or religion
equal protection clause
Caucus, direct primaries, and convention are ways that a party can
nominate a candidate
What only allows registered party members to vote?
When does Texas hold its primary?
the first caucus is held in
the first primary is held in
A "midterm" election is held during the middle of whose term?
Polls and elections are two of the most common ways of measuring
the 2006 midterm election, where the democrats took back the house and senate, is an example of a
the most accurate type of polls taken
what group's chief concern is to represent their members who share their ideoogy are
special interest groups
A group that funds parties and politicians who agree with their policies are
what was the purpose of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974?
regulate campaign contributions
what did the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 ban?
What is the primary function of the National Conventions of the major parties?
formally nominate candidates for presidemt
What is always held on the tuesday after the first monday in November on even numbered years?
the general election
what were the first two political parties?
federalist and anti-federalist
what has the function of getting a candidate elected, gaining control of the government, and influence legislation?
the word "bipartisan" refers to something that is supported by
both parties involved
a permanent committee of one house that considers bills concerning specific topics is
a special committee appointed to the reconcile differences when a bill passes the two houses of congress in different forms
how are leadership roles determined
How is the Speaker of the House chosen?
How many representatives are there in the House?
How many representatives does the state of Texas have?
The power to impeach would be considered
how long is the term of a senator?
Each state is guaranteed how many senators?
confirm presidential appointments, approve treaties, and hold impeachment trials are all exclusive powers of the
charges brought against a public official
when 2/3 majority of members are present it is called a
when does congress meet?
establishing post offices, declaring war, coin money, and establishing naturalization laws are all powers of
committees that are permanent and are composed of members of one house are
committees that are temporary and are composed of members of one house are
senate and house hearings are conducted by the
the oversight function is congress keeping an eye on the
all appropriations bill must begin in
House of reps
what is used when the house and senate pass similar bills
tax bills are how congress gets money in, ______ bill are how congress spends the money
what is the length of the president's term?
what is the total number of terms a president may serve?
the 22nd amendment was passed in response to
FDR's 4th term
if the vice president succeeds the President in the second half of his term then he gets
when is the president inaugurated?
The electoral college system is used in the election of the
President and Vice President
what is the total number of electoral votes?
the number of electors each state is guaranteed is determined by
total number of senators plus representatives
what is the mandatory number a candidate must get to win the electoral college?
How many electors does Texas have?
a person must be how old to qualify to be president?
one of the most debated qualifications to be President is that the president must be a
natural born citizen
In his role as commander in chief, President Bush controlled the
President must notify congress within 48 hours of deploying troops, president must bring troops home in 60 days if congress does not declare war, congress can remove troops whenever they have enough votes. These are all conditions of the
War Powers Act
the number of executive departments is
the last executive department created was?
the attorney general is the head of which executive department?
which department maintains foreign relations?
which department enforces the laws?
in original jurisdiction, the court has the right to hear the
in appellate jurisdiction, the court has the right to hear cases on
supreme court decision that established judicial review
Marbury v Madison
what supreme court case established implied powers and created a national bank
McCulloch v Maryland
what supreme court case established the principle of separate but equal
plessy v ferguson
what supreme court case legalized abortion?
Roe v Wade
Supreme court decision that stated a suspect must be informed of their constitutional rights before police questioning
Miranda v Arizona
Supreme court decision that established that a defendant is entitled to counsel even though they cannot afford one
Gideon v Wainwright
The right to privacy is protected by which amendment?
How long do Justices serve?
A written legal argument stating why one party to a particular case should prevail, is a
one who interprets the constitution flexibly or broadly
one who interprets the constitution with a narrow or limited view
Who was the first African american justice?
Who was the first woman justice?
Sandra Day O'Connor
How were the district courts created?
the constitutional convention was held in
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