75 terms

SAT Vocab List 26

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adumbrate
to give a description of something that includes general points about it, but no details
aloof
not friendly; cool and distant
arraign
to order someone to go to a court of law to be formally charged with a crime
atavism
relating to or characterized by reversion to something ancient or ancestral
badinage
conversation with a lot of jokes and clever comments in it
bequeath
to give someone money or property after you die by making a legal document called a will
beseech
to ask someone for something in an urgent and sincere way
boon
something useful that brings great benefits or makes your life easier
bromide
a trite or unoriginal remark, usually intended to soothe or placate
brusque
speaking quickly in an unfriendly way using very few words (2) using quick movements that show that you do not feel friendly toward someone
byzantine
complicated and difficult to understand
careen
to move forward quickly and suddenly, going from side to side in an uncontrolled way (2) to be in a situation that changes quickly in an uncontrolled way
churlish
impolite and unfriendly, especially toward someone who does not deserve to be treated in this way
comestible
an item of food
concomitant
happening at the same time as something else
coronation
a ceremony at which someone officially becomes king or queen
cull
to collect something such as information from different places (2) to kill animals deliberately, especially in order to stop the population from becoming too large
dissolute
spending too much time and money on physical pleasures in a way that most people consider immoral
divulge
to give information about something, especially something that should be kept secret
dolt
a stupid person
domicile
someone's home
domineer
to assert one's will over another in an arrogant way
drivel
stupid and unimportant things that someone says or writes
embargo
a government order preventing trade with another country (2) a government order preventing a piece of information from being published until a particular time
epigram
a short poem or sentence that expresses something such as a feeling or idea in a short and clever or funny way
evince
to show a particular feeling, quality, or attitude
exculpate
to prove that someone is not guilty of a crime or other bad action
exegesis
an explanation that helps you to understand a piece of writing, especially one from the Bible
expropriate
to take someone's land, money, or possessions and use them for public purposes (2) to take something that does not belong to you and use it for yourself
extradition
the process of extraditing someone
extrapolation
to say what is likely to happen or be true by using information that you already have (2) to calculate an amount that you do not know by basing your calculations on amounts that you already know
fauna
all the animals that live in a particular area. The plants in an area are called the flora.
fetid
fetid water or air has a very unpleasant smell, usually caused by decay
flounder
to experience difficulties and be likely to fail (2) to feel confused and not know what to say or do next (3) to move with great difficulty and in an uncontrolled way
foment
to encourage people to have angry feelings or to protest or fight
foppish
concerned with clothes and appearance in an affected and excessive way
frantic
done in a very urgent way (2) so worried or upset that you are not able to control your feelings
fraternize
to spend time with someone as friends
gaudy
brightly colored and ugly, or of bad quality
hale
healthy and strong
haughtiness
proud and unfriendly
hodgepodge
a confusing mixture
impenitent
not sorry for the bad things you have done
inimitable
so good or unusual that no one else can be or do the same
iniquity
extremely immoral or unfair actions or situations
jaunt
a short journey that you take for fun
jubilant
extremely happy because something good has happened
languor
the calm or pleasant feeling that you have when you are tired and relaxed
lassitude
tiredness and a lack of energy
oust
to remove someone from a position of power, especially in order to take that position
portly
a portly person is fairly fat
posthumous
given to someone after his or her death, or happening after his or her death (2) published after a writer's death
promulgate
to promote or make widely known an idea or cause
redress
something that you do for someone or money that you give to him or her as a way of improving a bad situation that you are responsible for
relish
to get great pleasure or satisfaction from something (2) to enjoy the thought of something that you are going to do
scourge
something that causes a lot of trouble or harm (2) someone in a position of power who criticizes people severely
shoddy
shoddy work, services, or products are of a very low standard
solace
something that makes you feel better when you are sad or upset
stolid
acting or thinking in a slow serious manner
stratagem
a plan for achieving something or for tricking someone
stupefy
to make stupid, groggy, or insensible
succulent
succulent meat, fruit etc. is full of juice and tastes good (2) succulent plants have thick stems or leaves that store a lot of water
surfeit
too much of something
swarthy
someone who is swarthy has dark skin
topography
the study of the features of land, for example hills, rivers, and roads, and the process of making maps (2) the features of a particular area of land, for example hills, rivers, and roads
transmute
to change into something completely different, or to make something change in this way
treacle
cloying sentimentality or flattery
trenchant
trenchant comments or criticisms are expressed strongly and clearly
turgid
using language in a way that is complicated and difficult to understand (2) swollen
unfettered
without limits or controls
valor
great courage in the face of danger, especially in battle
variegated
with different colors on the leaves or flowers (2) including a wide range of things or people
verdant
green because of all the plants and trees that grow there
vilify
to criticize someone very strongly, especially in a way that is not fair and that damages his or her reputation
winsome
with an attractive appearance or manner