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Chapter 8

Classical Mythology, Chapter 8: Athena
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Athena
goddess of wisdom, war, weaving
Parthenon
shrine in honor of Athena
Metis
mother of Athena who was swallowed by Zeus
Hephaestus
split Zeus' head open with an axe to free Athena
Arachne
full of hubris; challenged Athena at weaving
Pallas
killed by Athena after an intervention by Zeus
Minerva
Roman equivalent of Athena
flute
instrument invented by Athena
Nike
winged figure, sometimes accompanied Athena
owl
sacred animal of Athena
Furies
represented the old social order of family vendetta brought to an end by Athena
Odysseus
aided by Athena in retaking his home
Orestes
helped by Athena to be acquitted of his crime against his mother
Athens
patron city of Athena
Poseidon
competed with Athena over control of Athens
Zeus
father of Athena, swallowed Metis
Grey
color of Athena's eyes
Wisdom
offered to Paris in exchange of the Golden Apple
Apollo
helped Orestes to be aquitted of his crime, along with Athena
Olive Tree
created by Athena, helping her win Athens
Spear
Athena's weapon of choice