Chapter 12, The Pursuit of Perfection
Terms in this set (20)
What did Nathaniel Taylor believe?
Individuals are free agents and can overcome natural inclination to sin.
What did Protestants form during the rise of evangelicalism and why did they form these?
Voluntary associations; to combat sin, "infidelity"
Separation of church and state, a process that began during the Revolution, gave all churches what?
The chance to compete for converts.
What is "infidelity" according to Protestants?
Catholics, freethinkers, Unitarians, Mormons, and any nonevangelical Christian
What were camp meetings addressing in terms of needs (Frontier Phase)?
Social and religious needs
Did Camp meetings lead to social reform in the Frontier Phase of the Second Great Awakening?
What was Timothy Dwight surprised about regarding the younger generation?
Religious liberalism. The belief that God was benevolent and all accepting rather than to be feared, all powerful and mysterious.
What did Timothy Dwight defend against regarding religion?
Calvinism against the ideas of the Enlightenment.
What were three distinct changes in how Charles G. Finney lead in the Second Great Awakening?
Departed radically from Cavinist doctrine, appeal based in emotion rather than reason, preached in upstate New York and was very successful in doing so.
What disturbed Beecher and other easter evangelicals?
Finney's new methods and by the emotionalism. Also believed Finney violated long-standing Christian tradition by allowing women to pray aloud in church.
What did revivals lead to?
Organization of more churches
What was the temperance movement?
The most successful reform crusade, encouraged citizens to stop consumption of alcohol, proving that they were self-controlled and self-disciplined.
What is one example of a reform movement that altered American life?
The Temperance Movement
What did Nathaniel Hawthorne suggest?
The world was inherently an imperfect place. He didn't believe in perfectionist movements
What were changes found in the American family?
Child-rearing seen as essential preparation for self-disciplined Christian life, Women confined to domestic sphere, women assumed crucial role within home.
What changed in regards to marriage?
What was the "Cult of True Womanhood"
Placed women in the home, glorified home as center of all efforts to civilize, and "Christianize" society
What happened to family size during the 19th century?
It declined from about 7 children to 5 children by 1850
What happened to parental discipline?
They instill guilt instead of fear.
What were the poor, criminal, and insane seen as?
Lacking self discipline.