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38 terms

AP Human Geo - Unit 1 test

The vocabulary for my unit test from the seventh edition of the Human Geography: Culture, Society, and Space textbook. Ch 1. - Geography and Human Geography Ch 2. - Ch. 29 -
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folk culture
largely self-suficient, somewhat isolated groups with long-standing traditions that change comparatively slowly through time
popular culture
the rapidly changeable, nontraditional heterogeneous ideas and practices of urban industrial societies
commodification
changing something that wasn't originally made to be bought and sold into something that can be bought and sold.
human geography
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, their cultures, activities, and landscapes
physical geography
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, procesesses, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography
absolute location
the position or place of a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude.
relative location
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places.
spatial perspective
the way of looking at the world's layout
map
a geographic tool used for anything from waging war to solving medical problems to locating shopping centers
mental map
image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space
distribution
how people are spread out and located on Earth
formal region
a type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomenal; also called uniform region or homogeneous region
functional region
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
perceptual region
a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
remote sensing
a method of collecting data or info through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
geographic information systems
a collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
reference map
used to navigate. road and highway maps are most common
thematic map
used to display geographically themed information
chloropleth
uses varying colors to convey info
graduated map
uses relatively sized shapes to represent relative values
dot map
used to display geographic theme
geographic themes
location, human-environment interactions, region, place, landscape, movement
pattern
reoccurences in the spatial arrangement of human activities or conditions
global-local continuum
what happens at one scale is not independent of what happens at other scales
culture region
area within which a particular culture system prevails
culture trait
a single attribute of a culture
culture complex
discrete combination of culture traits
culture system
culture complexes grouped together because they have culture traits in common
geographic regions
term used by many geographers instead of culture region
culture realm
most highly generalized regionalization of culture and geography
cultural langscape
composite of artificial features
sequent occupancy
area inhabited & transformed by a succession of cultural groups
cultural diffusion
occurs through the movement of people, goods, or ideas
independent invention
occurres when the same ideas or innovations appear in widely separated areas
expansion diffusion
an idea or innovation develops in a core area and remains strong there while spreading outward
contagions diffusion
a form of expansion diffusion in which nearly all adjacent individuals are affected
hierarchial diffusion
main channel of diffusion lies through some segment of those susceptible or adopting what is being diffused
stimulus diffuision
ideas may not be adopted but may result in local experimentation