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African American Studies Final
Terms in this set (49)
What is CPS ?
Cradle to Prison Superhighway. A network of legislation, policy, practice and structural racism that leads to Blacks being incarcerated in large numbers. How black children are pushed away from education and into jail.
What is SCLC?
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, started out as MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) which organized the bus boycott. Dr. King's organization.
What is SNCC?
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. Started by Ella Baker (Stokely Carmichael was a leader in the group but not a founder.
Who is Ella Baker?
A field secretary in the NAACP. The single most important person in the civil rights movement.
Four steps to a non-violent campaign
1. Collection of facts
4. Direct action
A terror surrounding feelings for the same sex and thereby a hatred of those feelings in others.
A belief in the superiority of one form of loving above all others, and therefore the right to dominance.
Definition of mammy and some of the traits that went along with the stereotype.
Name for black women that worked as a nanny often for a white family nursing their children. Characteristics: Domestic, asexual, unattractive, large
Definition of sapphire and some of the traits that went along with the stereotype
is a domineering female who consumes men and usurps their role.They were characterized as strong, masculine workhorses who labored with Black men in the fields or as aggressive women who drove their children and partners away with their overbearing natures. Traits: Loud, mean, sassy, angry
Definition of Jezebel and traits that went along with the stereotype
The idea that Black women were more sexually promiscuous and available evolved when Europeans first encountered women in Africa
Traits: Loose/promiscuous, hypersexual, untrustworthy, special desire for white men
Traits that go along with Sambo stereotype
Stupid, cowardly, childlike, lazy, untrusthworty, troublemaker
Traits that go along with Brute/ Buck sterotype
Big, strong, hypersexual, violent, aggressive, animalistic
Definition of multicultural
appreciating the contributions of other cultures
Definition of cultural nationalism
the idea that people of the African descent living in the United States are living outside of the context that "they were supposed to live in". Therefore in order to gain more power for themselves they need to reclaim their African culture. Examples include wearing african clothes, learning Kiswahili as a language, or changing their name to an African name.
Three parts to slave religion/black church
1. Pastor; politician, leader, orator, boss
2. Music; sorrow songs
3. Frenzy; madness with joy
What are food deserts
Places here healthy food places such as grocery stores and markets are absent, but many fast food chains are present. Typically low income communities. Affordable and nutritious food is hard to obtain.
what is black power?
Ceasing to advocate from a position of weakness.
Charles Hamilton Huston
The man who killed Jim Crow by teaming up with NAACP lawyers who he taught at Howard University, who took the cases of civil suits by college students which culminated in the final case of Brown vs. Board
A congress woman from Brooklyn, first black woman to run for a Presidential Nomination (Democratic party)
Barriers former inmates with a felony face after serving their time
1. job discrimination
2. Disfranchisement - not able to vote
3. Denial of access to housing, food stamps, welfare, social security, college finical aid and generally any federal assistance
Regents of University of California vs Bakke (1978) made quotas illegal, can have goals and perfections's but not quotas
founded the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) as well as the Black Star Ship line. Started the Negro World newspaper.
Lawrence Douglas Wilder
First black governer of VA, late 1980s
Aid to Families with Dependent Children.This program grew from a minor part of the social security system to a significant system of welfare administered by the states with federal funding. However, it was criticized for offering incentives for women to have children, and for providing disincentives for women to join the workforce. In 1996, AFDC was replaced by the more restrictive TANF program.
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families. Its a Block Grant given to states and The act provides temporary finical assistance mainly through employment. Only five years total to receive assistance. Required to find a job within two years or it will be cut off.
Actually never hit New Orleans, damage was caused by man made error; levy breach, the blacks where treated like criminals and blamed for looting
What are the two types of racism?
Individual - acts against individual blacks (more often overt)
Institutional - Acts and policies which are set up for the benefit of some and the detriment of others
Solutions to mass incarceration
Ceasing to advocate from a position of weakness
Re-entery programs/ reintegration of juvenile offenders
Zero tolerance programs (restructure)
Reforming drug policies
Food stamps, finically aid, job discrimination
The political ideology that perpetuates and maintains the social political and historical dominance of whites.
The elite white male
Socialism/ Revolutionary nationalism
Economic system in which the means of production are controlled by workers, communities and countries.
Power to the people. Struggle through militant black nationalism (Black power)
The predication of decisions of policies on considerations of race for the purpose of subordinating a racial group and maintaining control over that group.
Carl B Stokes
First Black Mayor of a major city (Cleveland, Ohio)
The rejection of all religious and moral principles often in the belief that life is meaningless. Hopelessness
Myth of the black male rapist
animalistic, after white women
blacks need more effective, stronger government programs
No one owes you anything, so stop waiting for the white man to give you what you want. Begin building up black owned businesses, embrace frugality and work hard.
not getting business loans or insurance in certain places. If an area was deemed to be "high risk" they are not going to give you a loan or insurance. Individual banks and insurance companies redline areas. Keeps communities desperate
Anti-drug abuse act
established mandatory minimum
Is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry
What three things did Booker T Washington want blacks to give up, for what two things instead?
Wanted blacks to give up higher education, civil rights and political power for industrial education and wealth.
According to the media what type of poor people are deemed undeserving?
Illegal immigrants, men, drug addicts, teen mothers, able-bodied adults, convicts/criminals
According to the media what type of poor people are deemed deserving?
The elderly, disabled individuals,veterans, refugees, working poor people and children
Refusing to eat, self-mutilation, pregnancy (fake/real), working slow, faking sickness, sabotage (breaking equipment) suicide
Insurrections, rebellions, running away
A racially, ethnically, phenotypically culture distinct group held internally within a nation or externally by a distinct but powerful mother country who's social cultural economic political worlds are controlled by that mother country.
A system of governments in which there exists an electoral system of majority rule. Commonly understood as 1 person 1 vote.
That which determines and maintains power
The recognition of all African descendants as one family divided by racist divided by racist imperialist and colonialist powers and imposed geographic borders.
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