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ap comp vocab part 1

STUDY
PLAY
comparative politics
the study and comparison of domestic politics across countries.
international politics
concerns the relations between countries
politics
the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
nation
a politically organized body of people under a single government
nation-state
A country who's population share a common identity.
regime
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
government
the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed
the 'comparative approach'
Examines the impact of state government on public policy
political communication
advising candidates and groups on public policy issues, usually in elections
political institutions
the means by which goals, norms, beliefs, and values, and the resultant moral standard of private individuals, small groups, and larger organizations are formalized into law.
public policy
the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
political culture
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
political recruitment
the processes by which people become public participants and leaders
cultural norms
Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
legitimacy
lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law
consensual political culture
citizens tend to agree on the appropriate means of making political decisions and to agree on the major problems facing the society and how to solve them
conflictual political culture
the citizens are sharply divided, often on both the legitimacy of the regime and solutions to major problems
political sub-cultures
Smaller political cultures within the overarching political culture
interest articulation
methods by which citizens express their opinions and desires to the government
modernization
making modern in appearance or behavior
post-materialist values
beliefs in the importance of policy goals beyond one's immediate self interest as well as one's prosperity and security; sometimes labeled as post modern values
political cleavage
A division between groups; it can be good or bad.
religious fundamentalism
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
cross-cutting cleavage
divisions in society that cut across demographic divisions thereby reducing the effect of the differences
cultural congruence
political structures and political cultures are mutually reinforcing in stable political systems