Create an account
studies how behavior is controlled and how it develops, evolves, and contributes to survival and reproductive success
focus on the environmental stimuli, if any, that trigger a behavior, as well as the genetic, physiological, and anatomical mechanisms underlying a behavioral act' "how" questions
Fixed action pattern (FAP)
a sequence of unlearned behavioral acts that is essentially unchangeable and, once initiated, is usually carried to completion
a type of behavior that includes both learning and innate components and is generally irreversible
a limited phase in an animal's development that is the only time when certain behaviors can be learned
the transmission of, reception of, and response to signals; an essential element of interactions between individuals
the modification of behavior based on experience with spatial structure of the environment, including the locations of nest sites, hazards, food, and prospective mates; the capacity for spatial learning can enhance the fitness of an organism
an internal representation, or code, of the spatial relationships between objects in an animal's surroundings
the ability of many animals to associate one feature of the environment with another
the ability of an animal's nervous system to perceive, store, or process, and use information gathered by sensory receptors
the study of animal cognition; examines the connection between an animal's nervous system and its behavior
optimal foraging theory
foraging behavior as a compromise between the benefits of nutrition and the costs of obtaining food
an often ritualized contest that determines which competition gains access to a resource, such as food or mates
evaluates alternative strategies in situations where the outcome depends not only on each individual's strategy but also on the strategies of other individuals
some animals do behave in ways that reduce their individual fitness but increase the fitness of other individuals in the population
the total effect an individual has on proliferating its genes by producing its own offspring and by providing aid that enables other close relative to produce offspring
coefficient of relatedness
the probability that if two individuals share a common parent or ancestor, a particular gene present in one individual will also be present in the second individual
natural selection that favors this kind or altruistic behavior by enhancing reproductive success of relatives
behavior can be adaptive if the aided individual returns the favor in the future; invoked to explain altruism between unrelated humans
a system of information transfer through social learning or teaching that influences the behavior of individuals in a population
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together