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Clinical Strategies Test 3
Terms in this set (61)
Terms synonymous with Treatment
process to help individuals with disabilities attain, keep, or improve skills and functioning for daily living
-improving an existing unsatisfactory condition of an individual
restoring lost or currently impaired skills
-regaining skills, abilities, or knowledge that may have been lost or compromised as a result of illness, injury, or acquiring a disability
For pediatric patients, habilitation therapy often aims...
to help a child develop skills that they have yet to accomplish
the skills that are to be taught
the means of establishing those targets
All communication disorders are treated with proven behavioral methods-
modeling, prompting, shaping, positive reinforcement, corrective feedback
any skill or action you teach a client or student
1. Most clients need to learn multiple targets.
2. Most clients cannot learn multiple targets at once.
3. Multiple targets should be sequenced.
4. Some behaviors are prerequisites for other behaviors.
4 Reasons to Select Targets
2. Client Specific
The two approaches contrast more for children than adults and more in the case of speech and language targets than for other targets.
2 main approaches to selecting target behaviors
-Select targets behaviors that are appropriate for the client while considering his/her age and use age-based norms
-Important to know age appropriate norms and normal development
Client Specific Approach
-Targets that make an immediate and significant difference in the client's communication are selected regardless of the norms
-You teach behaviors that best serve a client's communicative, educational, and social needs
-In some cases, the normative and the client-specific approaches may suggest the same target behaviors for a client.
1. Select behaviors that will make an immediate and socially significant difference in the communication skills of the client.
2. Select behaviors that help expand communication skills.
3. Select targets that are linguistically and culturally appropriate for the individual client.
4. Consider selecting complex or difficult behaviors for initial teaching.
Guidelines on Selecting Target Behaviors
Individual Sounds or Sound Patterns
When treating Speech Sound disorders, you will target-
1. child's speech is generally intelligible
2. only a few sounds are in error
3. errors are caused by organic factors like cleft palate, velopharyngeal insufficiency, and neurological involvement
-Critical point when considering "only a few sounds": phonemes in error do not form a significant phonological pattern
Select individual sounds when one or more of the following conditions are met:
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