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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (51)
What are the five main physical features of Latin Americas?
What is a cordillera?
Parallel ranges in the Andes Mountains
What is the most biodiverse river in the world?
What are the four layers of a rainforest?
Forest floor - nutrient rich, not much life
Understory - tree trunks, vines
Canopy - branches leaves animals
Emergent - sunlight is
What are the two types of islands?
What are the four main groups n Mesoamerica?
What group invented writing?
What were the Aztec people called?
What was the Aztec language called?
What was the capital city during the Aztec rule?
What was the Inca language called?
What was the Inca religion?
They believed in Inti
What is terraced farming?
Step-like farm fields cut into mountains
What is a sedentary lifestyle?
one in which people live settled in one place
What is the Encomienda System
when someone is given land with people on it and controls the land and the people
Who is Simon Bolivar?
Around from 1800-1830. He was instrumental in the independence of nation in South America
Who was Santa Anna?
Dictator of Mexico
What was the Mexican Revolution
A decade long process that led to a new Constitution
What was the Institutional Revolutionary Party?
The party that won every election in Mexico
What was NAFTA?
North American Free Trade Agreement
What are Maquiladoras
Factories in Mexico run by US people
a member of an independent band of soldiers that engages in raids and surprise attacks - not government
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Former name of Belize?
Who are the Caudillos?
Creole military dictators who ruled Latin America.
What is a Banana Republic?
A small country, usually south of the U.S. border with an historically corrupt/unstable government. It is questioned due to large companies leading it.
What is Hurricane Mitch?
1998 -devastating. Mudslides killed lots of people. Reset everything in Honduras..
Who is William Walker?
Military leader in Nicaragua. Attended Wallace School (MBA Lunchroom)
1979 Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship and attempted to install a socialist economy. Led by Daniel Ortega
What was the Iran Contra Affair?
A secret action by the state department where the U.S. sold arms to Iran and funneled the money to contra rebels fighting the government in Nicaragua.
What is the Panama Canal?
A human-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, built in Panama by the United States and opened in 1914.
Who is Manuel Noriega?
President of Panama and would not step down which led to Operation Just Cause in 1989 which removed him from office. banker for the cartels
Who is Fidel Castro?
Led a rebellion to overthrow a Pro-American government in Cuba and stopped all communications with the USA. He led a socialist party. Became allies with Soviet Union.
Who is Toussaint L'Ouverture?
the leader of the slave revolt in Haiti.
Who is Rafael Trujillo?
Long time authoritarian leader in the Dominican Republic
What is reggae?
A type of music developed in Jamaica
Who is Dom Pedro?
Part of Portuguese ruling family. He is left to rule Brazil.
What is futebol?
Most popular sport in the world.
What is the carnival in Latin America known for?
Event on the ecclesiastical calendar. Celebrates Ash Wednesday - Mardi Gras
What is syneretism?
Pre- European elements - When two different cultures fuse together making something new like Tex-Mex or Santaria
What are campesinos?
small farmers and workers plant coffee or cocoa
What are the Cuban Civil wars?
rivalry between the elite and the government
Who is Hugo Chavez?
Led a populist autocracy
leader of Venezuela 1999-2013
What are the Angel Falls?
Tallest waterfalls in the world in Venezuela
Who is Charles Darwin?
Famous for his theory of evolution by natural selection on Galapagos islands
Located in Bolivia, one of the richest silver mining centers and most populous cities in colonial Spanish America.
La Paz, Bolivia
World's highest capital
world's highest navigable lake
World's Driest Desert (it's in Chile)
Who is Augusto Pinochet?
Leader accountable for over 3,000 deaths of poeple opposing his government. A dictator in Chile who came to power by a military takeover promising to restore stability.
What is the Itaipu Dam?
World's second largest dam located in Paraguay
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