Chapter 9 APES vocab- Mizbani (Taylor Holland-Fiske)
Terms in this set (28)
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing.
Plants, such as rye, alfalfa, or clover, that can be planted immediately after harvest to hold and protect the soil.
Land used to grow plants for food.
Land used for grazing livestock.
Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil- restoring crops with cash crops and reducing in-puts of fertilizer and pesticides.
When each family in a community grows crops for themselves and rely on animal and human labor to plant and harvest crops.
A form of agriculture that uses large scale mechanization and fossil fuel combustion, enabling farmers to replace horses and oxen with faster and more powerful methods of farming.
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a single crop, year after year.
Complex form of intercropping in which a large number of different plants maturing at different times are planted together.
Agricultural revolution that increased production through improved seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation; helped to support rising Asian populations.
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
Process in which various chemicals in upper layers of soil are dissolved and carried to lower layers and, in some cases, to groundwater.
A mixture of gravel, sand, silt, clay, and organic matter.
A severe reduction in the quality of soils. The term includes soil erosion, salinization and soil exhaustion (loss of fertility).
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment from one location to another.
Locations where sediment is deposited.
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal overgrazing, and tree cutting resulting in the conversion of productive lands to deserts.
Soil Conservation Act of 1935
Allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil", prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals.
Planting different crops at different times to avoid nutrient depletion.
When crops are planted across slopes to slow down water erosion.
Carving small, flat plots of land from hillsides to use for farming.
Planting different types of crops in alternating bands or other spatially mixed arrangements.
Rows of large trees or bushes planted between fields to help block the wind and prevent soil erosion.
A planting method in which farmers disturb surface topsoil and vegetation as little as possible.
Destruction of vegetation engendered by too many grazing animals consuming the plants in a particular area so they cannot recover.
The saturation of soil by water in which the water table is raised to the point where it bathes plant roots.
A process in which mineral salts accumulate in the soil, killing plants; occurs when soils in dry climates are irrigated profusely
Any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile.