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178 terms

Biomedical Terminology Chap 3 - 4

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-malacia
softening
-gram
record
-itis
inflammation
-phobia
fear
-algia
pain
-therapy
treatment
-ule
little
-osis
abnormal condition
-oid
resembling
-megaly
enlargement
-cele
hernia
-penia
deficiency
-sclerosis
hardening
-genesis
forming
-ist
specialist
-trophy
nourishment
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-plasty
surgical repair
-ectomy
excision
-dynia
pain
-stasis
stopping
-cyte
cell
-emia
blood condition
-graphy
process of recording
-scope
instrument used to visually examine
-ptosis
prolapse
-lysis
separation, destruction
-tomy
incision
-stomy
new opening
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
amni/o
amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
aden/o
gland
angi/o
vessel
arteri/o
artery
blephar/o
eyelid
chondr/o
cartilage
lapar/o
abdominal wall
inguin/o
groin
axill/o
armpit
mamm/o
breast
cyst/o
urinary bladder
isch/o
to hold back
adip/o
fatty tissue
col/o
colon (large intestines)
carcin/o
cancer
chem/o
drug, chemical
muc/o
mucus
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o
death (of whole body or cells)
nephr/o
kidney
phag/o
to eat, swallow
phleb/o
vein
ren/o
kidney
staphyl/o
clusters
tonsill/o
tonsils
osteoma
tumor of bone marrow
cystocele
hernia of the urinary bladder
colostomy
new opening from the colon to the outside of the body
acrophobia
fear of heights
venule
small vein
arteriosclerosis
hardening of arteries
hemolysis
destruction of blood
-pathy
disease condition
myelogram
x-ray record with contrast
hepatomegaly
enlarged liver
tracheostomy
trachea opening to the outside
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
pleurodynia
pain in chest wall
ophthalmology
study of the eyes
staphylococci
clusters of berry shaped bacteria
-ia
condition
-um / -ium
structure, tissue
-er
one who
Thrombocyte / platelets
clotting cells
achondroplasia
dwarfism, inherited disorder in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size
mastectomy
removal of breast
adenoids
small masses of lymphatic tissue in the part of the throat near nose and nasal passages
monocyte
cells with one very large nucleus
lymphocyte
(lymph cells) cells that fight disease by producing antibodies
laproscopy
minimally invasive surgery l
peritoneoscopy
minimally invasive surgery p
thyr/o
thyroid gland
-contra
against
morph/o
shape
para-
abnormal
intra-
within
-cyesis
pregnancy
dactyl/o
fingers
-rrhea
discharge or flow
-ptosis
prolapse, fall or drop
seps/o
infection
-partum
birth
trans-
through
infra-
beneath
per-
surrounding
furc/o
forking or branching
-blast
embryonic
con-
together
malaise
bodily discomfort
euphoria
well being
dyspnea
difficult breathing
paralysis
loss of movement
cost/o
rib
ab-
away from
ante-
before, forward
cata-
down
contra-
against, opposite
epi-
above, upon, on
eu-
good, normal
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, under, less than normal
dys-
bad, painful, difficult
dia-
through, complete
brady-
slow
pro-
before, forward
ultra-
beyond, excess
poly-
many, much
post-
after, behind
syn- / sym-
together, with
retro-
behind, backward
supra-
above, upper
intra-
in, within, into
endo-
in, within
con-
with, together
mal-
bad
meta-
beyond change
para-
abnormal, beside, near
anti-
against
carp/o
wrist bones
gloss/o
tongue
-pnea
breathing
neonatal
period between birth and 28 days
postmortem
after death
metastasis
beyond control (malignant tumor)
syndrome
group of symptoms that come together
bifurication
normal splitting into two branches
antibody
protein produced against foreign body
antibiotic
destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria
symbiosis
2 organisms that live together in peace
benign
not cancerous
dialysis
separation of waste from blood
exophthalmos
eyeballs that bulge outward
metamorphosis
condition of change of shape or form
anoxia
without oxygen
-meter
to measure
-phoria
to bear, carry; feeling (metal state)
cutane/o
skin
cib/o
meals
thel/o
nipple
tox/o
poison
norm/o
rule, order
-lapse
to slide, fall, sag
-crine
secrete
-drome
to run
-mission
to send
apnea
no breathing
antepartum
before birth
antisepsis
to fight infection
bradycardia
slow heart rate
bilateral
both sides of the body
SS
signs and symptoms
pan-
all
pancytopenia
deficiency of all blood cells
neoplasm
new tumors
pseudo-
false
relapse
signs and symptoms come back
remission
signs and symptoms go away
prodrome
signs and symptoms appear before the actual illness
tachypnea
hyperventilation
symmetry
equality of parts of the body
syndactyly
webbing or fusion of fingers
Antigen
cause disease
Antibodies
fight disease
congenital anomaly
irregularity in a structure or organ that an infant is born with
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy outside of the normal area
TURP
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate