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religion MIDTERM- questions
Terms in this set (85)
To draw all people into communion with himself
What was God's plan for humanity from all eternity?
He promised a redeemer
How did God react to Original Sin?
Christ is the promised Redeemer and the Church is Christ's instrument
How do Christ and the Church relate to this promise?
Apart from her communion in Christ and her intimate sharing in the Divine Life of the Blessed Trinity, the Church has no life
What makes the Church entirely Christ-centered?
a. God created the world for the sake of the Church
b. The Church is the goal of all things
c. The Church is the salvation of all men
Based on CCC 760, identify some of the claims that Christians make for the Church:
By the power of His Word
How did God bring creation into being?
a solemn agreement between God and man - an agreement that involves mutual commitments and promises
The covenants with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and David
What are the covenants in salvation history which prepare God's people for the New and Everlasting Covenant in Christ Jesus?
A land and a nation, a kingship and name, a blessing to all nations
What were the three promises given to Abram by God?
So they would always remember how God had saved his people from oppression in Egypt.
Why did God order Israel to repeat the Passover feast each year?
on Mt. Sinai
Where did God make a covenant with Israel?
He was furious and shattered the stone tablets containing the Law.
What did Moses do when he saw the Israelites committing idolatry?
God established an order of priests, the Levites, to take the place of the common priesthood.
What happened to the common priesthood of Israel?
Moses chose him and laid his hands on him to make him a successor
How did Joshua become the leader of Israel?
This action, previously reserved for the ordination of priests, declared Saul to be God's chosen king
Why did Samuel pour oil on Saul's head?
Oil was a visible sign of consecration. The word "anointed one" is "messiah" in Hebrew, or "Christ" in Greek. The messiah was to be the one chosen by God to be the leader and savior of his people
How does anointing relate to the messiah?
Who was the second king of Israel?
In order to preserve the kingdom's fragile unity-as well as to prove that he was not playing favorites among the tribes-he moved his capital to Jerusalem, a city near the center of Israel that none of the tribes had claimed as its own
Why did David choose Jerusalem to be his new capital?
He wanted Jerusalem to be the religious as well as political capital of Israel.
Why did David move the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem?
a sacrifice that included unleavened bread and wine and was made in gratitude for God's deliverance. It would become the primary worship in the Temple.
It was divided and eventually destroyed by Assyrians and the Babylonians.
What was the fate of the Davidic kingdom?
1. Planned by the Father: Christ came in the "fullness of time": God chose to send his Son into the world to accomplish all that he promised
2. Established by the son
a. Kingdom of God: this central teaching was often taught through the parables is the Kingdom of God, which is the state of communion between God and Man that was intended from the beginning. The Kingdom was re-instituted on earth the Incarnation of Christ and is embodied in the Church
b. Structure: Jesus gave his Church a hierarchical structure by appointing the twelve of his disciples as apostles, or leaders, with St. Peter as their head. They, in turn, appointed successors to their offices
3. Revealed by the Holy Spirit: only through the gift of the holy spirit the church began to take definitive shape
Name and describe the three attributes of the Church?
1. Jesus instructed gave them a verbal map of the ancient kingdom of David
2. Jerusalem, David's capital city
3. Judea, the tribal territory of David that surrounded Jerusalem
4. Samaria, the land to the north where the rest of the tribes of Israel were located
5. "The ends of the earth" represented all the Gentile nations that David had brought under his control
What was the verbal map and instructions given to the Apostles before Jesus Ascension?
Greek meaning of Pentecost?
Marks the beginning of the Church's public ministry in the world and set the definite shape of the church
How did Pentecost affect the Church?
Boldness, courage, and the gift of tongues
What are some of the gifts Pentecost brought to the Apostles?
Jesus' Spirit that works within the church, assisting the pope and bishops, and assists in the interpretation of Sacred Scripture, sacraments, and the gifts, fruits, and charisms of the Holy Spirit
Who is the Holy Spirit and how does it help us?
Jewish and Roman leaders
Who persecuted the Apostles and Christians?
Who was the 1st martyr?
The early Christians were confident in the hope that the same Holy Spirit who empowered the Apostles at Pentecost would also strengthen them in the face of persecution and death. The blood of martyrs is the scene of Christians
Why did the apostles continue?
What Apostle did not suffer martyrdom?
"in the person of" means that St. Peters and his successors possess the authority of the king - Christ - himself
What is the meaning of Vicar of Christ?
the light of the Gentiles, first to preach to the Gentiles
Who was St. Paul?
1. That Gentile converts did not have to follow the Mosaic Law involving circumcision.
2. Law defined by St. Peter and later confirmed by St. James, the bishop of Jerusalem.
What was discussed at the Council of Jerusalem?
What is the meaning of the Latin word ecclesia?
just as God's will is creation and is called "the world", so his intention is the salvation of me, and is called "the church"
How does God's will of creation parallel with his intention for men?
Unlike the government and corporations that are authoritarian, that is, the higher commands the lower, in the Church, authority is service performed out of love. Those who are higher served those who are lower. This reflects God's way of dealing with his creatures
How is the Church's attitude to authority different from the world?
when Christ chose the Twelve Apostles
When did the Church's hierarchy begin?
Bishops, priests, and deacons
What are the three distinct ministerial offices within the Church?
To teach by preaching the Gospel, rule the Church by service, and sanctify the Church through the sacraments
What did Christ entrust the College of the Twelve to do for the Church?
it is the administrative or governing body of the catholic church, which assists the pope
What is the purpose of the Roman Curia?
First Ecumenical Council was the First Council of Nicaea AD 325 to discuss "Who is Jesus Christ?" in response to various Trinitarian and Christological heresies.
When, where, and why was the first official Ecumenical Council held?
While the Divine Revelation is closed, the Church grows in her understanding of the Deposit of Faith over the centuries
Does the Divine Revelation (Deposit of Faith) change?
the ordinary and universal teaching authority of the pope and the bishops in communion with him.
The magisterium uses the Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition to interpret the faith and morals of the church.
How are the Sacred Scriptures and Sacred Traditions used by the Magisterium?
1. Indefectibility: the Church will always teach the Gospel of Christ without error even in spite of the defects of her members, both ordained and lay
2. Infallibility: is the gift of the Holy Spirit to the Church whereby the Magisterium can definitely proclaim a doctrine in faith or morals without error
How does indefectibility and Infallibility affect the Magisterium?
1. you shall attend mass on Sunday and on holy days of obligation and remain free from work or activity that could impede the sanctification of such days
2. you shall confess your sins at least once a year
3. you shall receive the sacrament of the Eucharist at least during the Easter season
4. you shall observe the days of fasting and abstinence established by the church
5. you shall help to provide for the needs of the church
What are the 5 Precepts of the Church?
the center of life in the Church.
What is the Eucharist in the Church?
Families call Ecclesia Domestica "... parents are "by word and example... the first heralds of the faith with regards to their children. They should encourage them in the vocation which is proper to each child, fostering with special any religious vocation."
What was Ecclesia Domestica's teaching at the Second Vatican Council?
Where is the first school of Christian life and human enrichment?
What are the 3 reasons for "Oneness"?
How is Unity express in the Oneness of the Church?
The unity of the pilgrim Church is also assured by visible bonds of communion:
Heresy, Schism, and Apostasy
What were the wounds of Unity in the Church?
Gnosticism, Arianism, and Nestorianism
What are the three major Early Church Heresies?
It was an interrelated series of schisms that took place from 1517-1648
What happened during the Protestant Reformation?
Profession of one faith received from the Apostles
Common celebration of divine worship and especially through the sacraments
Apostolic Succession through the sacrament of Holy Orders
"binds everything together in perfect harmony"
The highest exemplar and source of the mystery is the unity
The Word made flesh, the prince of peace, reconciled all men to God by the cross
the Holy Spirit, dwelling in us, who believe and those who ruling over the entire Church, who brings us to Christ.
This unity, we believe, survives in the Catholic Church as something she can never lose, and we hope that it will continue to increase until the end of time. It is a gift but the Church must always pray and work to maintain, reinforce, and perfect the unity.
What is the Gift of Unity?
Holiness is from the all-holy God: all human beings are called to live in holiness. Christ sanctifies the Church through the Holy Spirit and grants the means of holiness.
What is holiness and where does it come from?
The Church member's sin, but the Church as Body of Christ is sinless.
How can the Church have holiness amongst sin?
Need purification, penance and renewal
What must one need while they wait for perfection?
through confession of faith, full sacrament life, and ordained ministers of the apostolic succession
How is Christ present in the wholeness of the Catholic Church?
Salvation comes from the Church even for non-members. The Lord himself affirms that Baptism is necessary for salvation.
What is the relationship between salvation and Baptism?
Where there is Christ Jesus, there is the Catholic Church.
Why is "Catholic" not simply a denomination?
1. Apostolic foundation
2. Apostolic faith
3. Apostolic Succession
What is the threefold of the Apostolic Mark of the Church?
the church was built and remains on the foundation of the Apostles
the church guards and transmits, with the help of the Holy Spirit who dwells in her, the teachings of the Apostles
the church continues being taught, sanctified, and directed by the Apostles in the person of their successors in the pastoral ministry; the college of bishops, presided over by St. Peter's successor, the pope.
We get our first glimpse of Mary in the Protoevangelium, when God says to the serpent that he will, "put enmity between you and the woman and between your seed and her seed". The woman and her seed refer to Mary and her Son, Jesus.
When do we get our first glimpse of Mary? What was said?
Three characters in the beginning: Adam, Eve, and Satan; in the end: The New Adam (Jesus), the New Eve (Mary), and Satan, who is defeated at the cross.
What is the parallel in salvation history between the "beginning and the end"?
Mary's Divine Motherhood, her Perpetual Virginity, her Immaculate Conception, and Assumption into Heaven.
What are the Four Marian Dogmas?
When one of Jesus' listeners cried, "Blessed is the womb that bore you." Jesus responded saying, "Blessed rather are those who hear the Word of God and keep it."
What is considered Mary's highest compliment from Her Son?
He gave her this grace so that she could faithfully respond to what he was asking of her, to be the Mother of his Son.
Why was Mary preserved from Original Sin?
by giving Christ to us, as the divine Bridegroom, joining humanity to himself and calling it to be his Church, as the universal people of the new covenant.
How did the Annunciation herald a new relationship between God and humanity?
Gabriel came to Mary saying, "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you." Lk. 1:28 which confirms the unique grace given to Mary from God.
How did Gabriel confirm the unique grace given to Mary from God?
Joachim and Anne
Who are Mary's parents?
by which the Bride responds with the gift of love to the gift of the Bridegroom.
How is holiness measured according to the "Great Mystery"?
When does the Liturgical Year begin?
Annunciation, Christmas, Epiphany
What is the Mystery of the Incarnation and the beginning of our salvation?
pray with a purified heart, with lively and preserving faith, with filial boldness, with vigilance and invites them to present their petitions to God in his name.
What did Jesus teach his disciples on how to pray?
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