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urban society

system in which cities are the center of political, economic, and social life.




soliders who sold their services to the highest bidder.

Cosmio De' Medici

took control of the city

Lorenzo de' Medici

dominated the city at a time when Florence was a cultural city.

Niccolo Machiavelli

wrote the book, "The Prince"


a sum of money given by the wife's family to the husband upon marriage.


an intellectual movement of the Renaissance


called the father of Italian Renaissance humanism


Italian author


a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints.

Filippo Brunelleschi

architect that was inspired by the buildings of classic Rome to recreate in Florence.


accomplished painter, sculptor, architect.

Jan van eyck

flemish painter, first to use oil paints

Albrecht Durer

german artist that was greatly affected by italians

Martin Luther

began the reformation, made the 95 Theses

christian humanism

northern renaissance humanism

Desiderius Erasmus

best known for all christian humanists


acceptance into heaven


release from all part of sins

Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor

John Calvin

he was educated and had published a protestant thought, The Institute of the Christian Religion.


eternal decree

King Henry VIII

wanted a divorce, created the Anglican Church


declared invalid

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