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APUSH Pd 4
Terms in this set (18)
1801-1835: Established judicial review; national government laws over state laws; protect existing contracts. Most closely aligned with Federalist Party and Whigs.
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Fletcher v. Peck
Supreme Court case which protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Cohens v. Virginia
Case that reinforced federal supremacy by establishing the right of the Supreme Court to review decisions of state supreme courts in questions involving the powers of the federal government.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
1819 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that states could not interfere with private contracts
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Marshall ruled that the Cherokee had "an unquestionable right" to their lands, but they were "not a foreign state, in the sense of the Constitution" but rather a "domestic, dependent nation" and so could not sue in a United States court over Georgia's voiding their right to self-rule. Was a blow to the Cherokee case, it cast doubt on the constitutionality of Indian Removal Act.
Worcester v. Georgia
The court ruled that the Cherokee nation was a distinct community in which the laws of Georgia had no force
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Judiciary Act of 1789
In Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.
writs of mandamus
Orders issued by a higher court to a lower court, government official, or government agency to perform acts required by law
a nick name given to group of judges that was appointed by John Adams the night before he left office. He appointed them to go to the federal courts to have a long term federalist influence, because judges serve for life instead of limited terms
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams
Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties.
supreme power or authority
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society
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