GOV Unit 2

Speaker of the House of Representatives
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Terms in this set (81)
How many votes does it take for a Bill to pass the House or Senate?Simple majorityHow many votes from congress does it take to override presidential veto?2/3How many electoral college votes does California have?55How many Electoral college votes does GA get?16Which entity has the sole power to impeach?House of RepresentativesWhat percent of the vote in the House of Representatives is required to impeach?51%Which entity has sole power to try and convict an impeached official?SenateWhat percent of the vote does it take to charge an impeached official by the Senate?2/3Has a president ever been indicted on criminal charges after an impeachment?NoHow many Electoral college votes are there, total?538What percentage of Electoral college votes are needed to win Presidency?51%What number of Electoral college votes are necessary to win Presidency?270Which of the two chambers of Congress makes and passes federal laws?House of RepresentativesSenators must be at least 30 years old and a US citizen for at least 9 years?TrueGerrymanderingmanipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or classWhat type of legislature is the U.S. Congress?The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is bicameral, comprising a lower body, the House of Representatives, and an upper body, the Senate.What is a filibuster?an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.Name the four types of congressional committeesStanding committee, Select committee, Joint committee, SubcommitteesDefine standing committeeCommittee that is created by House or Senate rules to consider legislation or perform a procedural role in the lawmaking process.Define joint committeea committee made of members from both Houses; it is created to highlight important issues (ex: taxes); they conduct investigations.Define subcommitteeA few members of a larger committee appointed to review a particular bill and make recommendations on its disposition to the full committeeDefine select committeeTemporary committee created to deal with a specific issue or problemWhat are lobbyists?A person who is paid by a lobby or interest group to represent that group's interestsWhat are special interest groups?Special interest group, advocacy group, or pressure group, any association of individuals or organizations, usually formally organized, that, on the basis of one or more shared concerns, attempts to influence public policy in its favour.What is a lame duck president?An un-reelected president still in officeWhich department deals with foreign policy?State departmentHow is the president's cabinet chosen?Cabinet officers are nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate by a majority vote.What is the president's role in regard to military?The President as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy is the supreme military commander charged with the responsibility of protecting and defending the United States.What are five areas of foreign policy?These types are trade, diplomacy, sanctions, military/defense, intelligence, foreign aid, and global environmental policy.What are the three primary goals of US foreign policy?The primary goal of American foreign policy is national security. Another important goal is international trade. A third goal is promoting world peace.What powers does the national government have?borrow and coin money, levy taxes, raise armies...What powers do state governments have?Reserved power. This is the power not given to the federal government and therefore reserved to the state.What powers do state governments have?draw electoral district lines, conduct elections, establish state court systemsWhat powers does the national government have?delegated powersWhat are some examples of implied powersRegulate immigration, protect the nation, grant diplomatic recognition.What are some examples of expressed powers?Declare war, Coin money, Establish post office, Establish a system of weights and measures, Regulate immigration and naturalization, Conduct foreign relations, Regulate foreign and interstate commerceState powers includeregulate trade within a state, protect public welfare and safety, conduct elections, establish local governmentsNecessary and Proper ClauseClause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) setting forth the implied powers of Congress. It states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national governmentElastic Clause (Necessary and Proper Clause)Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.First Amendment5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition2nd AmendmentRight to keep and bear arms3rd AmendmentNo quartering of soldiers4th AmendmentProtection against Unreasonable Search and Seizure5th AmendmentThe Right to Remain Silent/Double Jeopardy, right to due process6th AmendmentThe right to a Speedy Trial by jury, representation by an attorney for an accused person7th AmendmentRight to a trial by jury in civil cases8th AmendmentNo cruel or unusual punishment9th AmendmentThe enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.10th AmendmentThe powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.How many amendments are in the bill of rights?10 amendmentsHow many amendments does the Constitution have?27The 11th amendmentOne State cannot be sued by another state12th Amendment (1804)Changes procedure for electing President and Vice-President13th Amendment (1865)Abolishes and prohibits slavery14th Amendment1) Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office, 4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts15th Amendment (1870)U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed16th AmendmentAmendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.17th AmendmentPassed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.18th AmendmentProhibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages19th Amendment (1920)Gave women the right to vote20th Amendment(FDR) , change of dates for start of presidential/congressional terms21st AmendmentAmendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment22nd Amendment (1951)the president is limited to two terms or a total of 10 years in office23rd Amendment (1961)allowed citizens of Washington, D.C. to vote in presidential elections24th Amendment (1964)Prohibits federal and state governments from charging poll tax25th Amendment (1967)Presidential succession and presidential disability26th Amendment (1971)Lowered the voting age from 21 to 1827th Amendment (1992)Any change in congressional salaries takes place after the general electionCivil Liberties vs. Civil RightsCivil Liberties are about freedoms we possess, mostly outlined in the bill of rights. Civil Rights involves equal treatment/protection under the lawHow many articles are in the Constitution?7 articlesHow many votes does a 2/3 vote from the house of representatives equal?290