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17 terms

Chapter 13- Hormones

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Growth Hormone
Controls size of an individual by promoting cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth. (GH)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Prolactin
This hormone stimulates milk production and secretion in female mammary glands. (PRL)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid Stimulation Hormone
Stimulates thyroid gland. (TSH)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Adrenocorticotropic
Stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex. (ACTH)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Stimulates production of egg and sperm. (FSH)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Luteinizing Hormone
WOMEN: regulates the production of estrogen and progesterone. ; MEN: testosterone production. (LH)

Location: Anterior Pituitary
Antidiuretic Hormone
Controls water loss and urine output. Causes kidneys to retain water. (ADH)
Location: Posterior Pituitary
Oxytocin
Stimulates uterine contractions during birth. (OT)

Location: Posterior Pituitary
Thyroxine & Triiodothrynine
Regulates metabolic rate. (T3 and T4)

Location: Thyroid
Calcitonin
Decreases blood calcium levels.

Location: Thyroid
Parathryoid Hormone
Increases blood calcium levels. (PTH)
Location: Parathyroid
Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
(Adrenaline)
Increases heart rate, stroke volume, BP and metabolism. (EPI and NE)

Location: Adrenal (Medulla)
Corisol
Conserves blood glucose. Fights infection.

Location: Adrenal (Cortex)
Aldosterone
Regulates sodium and potassium levels.

Location: Adrenal (Cortex)
Adrenal Androgens
Male: Stimulates sex hormones. Female: Can be converted to estrogen.

Location: Adrenal (Cortex)
Glucagon
Raises blood glucose level.

Location: Pancreas
Insulin
Lowers blood glucose level

Location: Pancreas