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Politics of the United States
ch 8 study guide
Terms in this set (27)
What were the 4 depts of government that Washington established?
dept of state, dept of war, dept of treasury, dept of justice
Who was the head of each and what was this group called?
dept of state: Thomas Jefferson, dept of war: Henry Knox, dept of treasury: Alexander Hamilton, dept of justice: Edmond Randolf
whats the 4 parts of Hamiltons financial program?
1. established terefs/tax on whiskey
2. assumption on states (and its debts)
3. repay money borrowed duriing the Revolution
4. establish national bank
what precedent did Washington set with his handling of the whiskey rebellion?
national law could be upheld with force if necessary
what was the naturaliztion act
extended the time required to gain american citixrnship
who become the second president and vice president of the usa?
president: john adams
vice president: thomas jerfferson
what political and diplomatical affair involved the u.s and france in the second presidency
what was the alien enemies act?
allowed the president to inprision or expel any dangerous foreigner of a time of war or invasion
what was the alien act?
allowed the president to inprision or deport any dangerous foreigner even if war had not been detected
who was the 3rd vice president of the u.s. and killed alexander hammilton in a duel?
what was the violent conflict between the u.s. and france which was settled in 1800?
what french military leader sought a peace settlement with the u.s. in 1800
What was the Sedition Act?
any person who wrote or published anything against the govt could be finned or in prison
who became the 3rd president and vice president in the election of 1800?
president: thomas jefferson
vice president: Aaron Burr
Who were the midnight judges?
adams appointed 58 new judges the night before he left office
what official position did the u.s. take against european conflict in 1793
position of neutrality
how did hammilton and jefferson differ on the french revolution
hammilton stayed out of conflict and jefferson supported the revolution
who was the frenchman that tried to divide washington from american people by recruiting americancs to fight back
who was sent by george washington to settle differences with spain
how did washington example contribute to liberty in the peaceful transfer of power in america
he voluntarily left office and gave up after 2 terms of being president
when he left office in what 3 areas did washington advise for the use of caution
avoid political parties, avoid debt, avoid entangling alliances
what was unusual about the outcome of the election in 1796
the president and vice president were of different political parties
Who did Adams nominate to be chief justice of the Supreme Court?
what agreement prevented war between america and france?
the convention of 1800
what were the 1st 2 political parties and who were their leaders?
democratic republicans and federalist --federalist: alexander hamilton
democratic republican: thomas jefferson
which amendment was passed in order to prevent the issue of vice presidents being from different parties than the president and to prevent ties during presidential elections
the 12th amendment
Who is James Madison?
father of the constitution, wrote some of the federalist papers, wrote bill of rights, jeffersons secretary of state and the 4th president
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