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Body Relationships

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superior
a body part is above another part or is closer to the head
inferior
a body part is below another body part or is toward the feet
anterior
toward the front
posterior
toward the back
medial
closer to the imaginary central line that divides the body
lateral
toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline
bilateral
paired structures (one is on each side)
ipsilateral
refers to structures on the same side
contralateral
refers to structures on the opposite side
proximal
a body part that is closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part
distal
a body part that is farther from a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part
superficial
situated near the surface
peripheral
outward or near the surface
deep
parts that are more internal than superficial parts