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41 terms

STRAIN 19 Key Terms from Semester 1

STUDY
PLAY
suffrage
voting rights
selective service
system that requires males to register by age 18; The purpose is to have information available about potential soldiers in the event of war
constitution
A written set of basic principles that determines the duties and powers of a government.
cabinet
A group made up of the heads of the 15 executive departments that advises the POTUS.
bicameral legislature
two house lawmaking body
Bill of Rights
The 1st ten amendments to the Constitution. Ratified in 1791.
mercantilism
Practice of creating and maintaining wealth by carefully controlling trade. Britain maintained this policy toward the colonies by passing the Navigation Acts. It maximized the mother country's profit off the colonies.
census
An official counting of the population. The next US count is in 2010.
deport
send an immigrant back to his country of origin
eminent domain
Government's power to take personal property to further the public good. Jerry Jones and Arlington, TX did this to build the new Cowboys Stadium.
political action committees
Organizations that collect money to distribute to candidates who support the same issues as the contributors
Northwest Territory
An area created by the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 that included OH, IL, IN, WI, MI and part of MN.
POTUS succession
In the event of the death or resignation of the POTUS the process of filling the position.
naturalization
Process by which aliens become citizens.
popular sovereignty
The idea that political power belongs to the people. Clearly embodied in the 1st three words of the Constitution "We the People"
separation of powers
A way to prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful. Suggested by Montesquieu.
impeach
Vote to bring charges against. Does NOT necessarily remove the person from office.
delegated powers
Powers that are specifically given to the federal government in Article I Section VIII of the Constitution.
powers prohibited to Congress
Powers that are referenced in Article I Section IX.
checks and balances
A system established by the Constitution that prevents any one branch from becoming too powerful.
majority party
The political party with the most members in either congressional house.
minority party
The political party that does not have the most members in either house of Congress.
electoral college
A group selected from each of the states to cast votes in POTUS elections. The Framers designed the system to assure that a qualified person would be elected POTUS. The system does NOT allow average people to vote directly for the POTUS.
ratification
the process of formally approving something
slander
spoken lies
libel
written and/or published lies
salutary neglect
Policy of Britain during the colonial period when the British allowed American colonists to rule themsleves as long as the rule also benefited Britain.
counterfeiting
crime committed when you make fake currency
democracy
government by the people
republic
System of government where people elect representatives to govern them. Also called representative government.
Federalists
People who believed in a strong national government and wanted the new Constitution approved. America's 1st political party.
Anti-Federalists
People who wanted to defeat the new Constitution mainly because it cut down on "states' rights"
Unalienable Rights
Written about by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence. They include "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
E Pluribus Unum
Latin term that means "out of many, one". Appears on US money.
We the People
First three words of the Constitution that embody popular sovereignty.
We the States
First three words of the Articles of Confederation that focus on states' rights
Supremacy Clause
Section of Article VI that says when state and federal laws conflict, the federal law takes precedence.
Framers
Term that refers in general to the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Tory
A derogatory Patriot nickname for people who were Loyal to Britain. Essentially a synonym for Loyalist.
Civic Virtue
A commitment to help others in your community.
Volunteerism
A spirit that enables you to donate your time to assist individuals/organizations without being paid.