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Ap Gov Political Parties

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Bipartisan campaign reform act of 2002
banned soft money contributions to national political parties from corporations and unions; independent expenditures by corporations, labor unions, trade associations, and nonprofit organizations are sharply restricted, The elimination of "soft money"
Buckley vs valeo
The Court Upheld a federal law which set limits on campaign contributions, but ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech, and struck down portions of the law.
Campaign reform act of 1974
created FEC; all contributions over $100 disclosed; no foreign contributions; establishment of PACs - $5,000 per candidate; individual contributions - $1,000 per candidate; presidential elections
Bipartisan
Involving two political parties
coat tail effect
the tendency for a popular political party leader such as the president to attract votes for other candidates of the same party in an election
Coalition
Group of voters that will most likely vote for the same party every time or not at all.
Electoral college
Indirect election of the president
frontloading
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
general election
election for an office, such as for a state governor.
Incumbent
Someone already holding office.
PACs
Political Action Committees, raise money for candidates &/or parties, such as the Colbert Super PAC.
Party conventions
meetings of party delegates called to nominate candidates for office and establish party agendas
Platform
a political party's formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues, and objectives
soft money
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
super delegates
Delegates who are not elected, but are used to vote for who will WIN an election, not who they want to be nominated. (Democrat Only)