38 terms

transcendentalism vocabulary

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admonish
1.
to caution, advise, or counsel against something.
2.
to reprove or scold, especially in a mild and good-willed manner
alacrity
1.
cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness:
We accepted the invitation with alacrity.
2.
liveliness; briskness.
aversion
1.
a strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy (usually followed by to):
a strong aversion to snakes and spiders.
2.
a cause or object of dislike; person or thing that causes antipathy:
benefactor
a person who confers a benefit; kindly helper.
2.
a person who makes a bequest or endowment, as to an institution.
blithe
joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful:
Everyone loved her for her blithe spirit.
2.
without thought or regard; carefree; heedless:
deride
to laugh at in scorn or contempt; scoff or jeer at; mock.
desultory
1.
lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful:
desultory conversation.
2.
digressing from or unconnected with the main subject; random:
diffident
lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; shy.
2.
restrained or reserved in manner, conduct, etc.
3.
Archaic. distrustful.
disingenuous
lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity; falsely or hypocritically ingenuous; insincere:
disparage
to speak of or treat slightingly; depreciate; belittle:
Do not disparage good manners.
2.
to bring reproach or discredit upon; lower the estimation of:
dubious
doubtful; marked by or occasioning doubt:
a dubious reply.
2.
of doubtful quality or propriety; questionable:
a dubious compliment; a dubious transaction.
3.
of uncertain outcome:
effete
lacking in wholesome vigor; degenerate; decadent:
an effete, overrefined society.
2.
exhausted of vigor or energy; worn out:
egregious
extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant:
an egregious mistake; an egregious liar.
Synonyms: gross, outrageous, notorious, shocking.
Antonyms: tolerable, moderate, minor, unnoticeable.
2.
Archaic. distinguished or eminent.
encumber
1.
to impede or hinder; hamper; retard:
Red tape encumbers all our attempts at action.
2.
to block up or fill with what is obstructive or superfluous:
enervated
without vigor, force, or strength; languid.
ethereal
light, airy, or tenuous:
an ethereal world created through the poetic imagination.
2.
extremely delicate or refined:
ethereal beauty.
3.
heavenly or celestial:
fallible
(of persons) liable to err, especially in being deceived or mistaken.
2.
liable to be erroneous or false; not accurate:
fallow
(of land) plowed and left unseeded for a season or more; uncultivated.
2.
not in use; inactive:
My creative energies have lain fallow this year.
fastidious
1.
excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please:
a fastidious eater.
2.
requiring or characterized by excessive care or delicacy; painstaking.
garrulous
excessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters.
2.
wordy or diffuse:
impart
to make known; tell; relate; disclose:
to impart a secret.
2.
to give; bestow; communicate:
to impart knowledge.
3.
to grant a part or share of.
impervious
1.
not permitting penetration or passage; impenetrable:
The coat is impervious to rain.
2.
incapable of being injured or impaired:
impervious to wear and tear.
3.
incapable of being influenced, persuaded, or affected:
impetuous
of, relating to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc.; impulsive:
an impetuous decision; an impetuous person.
2.
having great impetus; moving with great force; violent:
incessant
continuing without interruption; ceaseless; unending:
ineffectual
not effectual; without satisfactory or decisive effect:
an ineffectual remedy.
2.
unavailing; futile:
His efforts to sell the house were ineffectual.
3.
powerless; impotent.
inherent
existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute; inhering :
an inherent distrust of strangers.
internecine
of or relating to conflict or struggle within a group:
an internecine feud among proxy holders.
2.
mutually destructive.
3.
characterized by great slaughter; deadly.
magananimous
generous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness:
to be magnanimous toward one's enemies.
2.
high-minded; noble:
manifold
of many kinds; numerous and varied:
manifold duties.
2.
having numerous different parts, elements, features, forms, etc.:
penitence
the state of being penitent; regret for one's wrongdoing or sinning; contrition; repentance.
perennial
lasting for an indefinitely long time; enduring:
her perennial beauty.
2.
(of plants) having a life cycle lasting more than two years.
posterity
succeeding or future generations collectively:
Judgment of this age must be left to posterity.
2.
all descendants of one person:
spartan
Also, Spartanic [spahr-tan-ik] (Show IPA). of or relating to Sparta or its people.
2.
suggestive of the ancient Spartans; sternly disciplined and rigorously simple, frugal, or austere.
3.
brave; undaunted.
sublime
elevated or lofty in thought, language, etc.: Paradise Lost is sublime poetry.
2.
impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration, etc.:
Switzerland has sublime scenery.
3.
supreme or outstanding:
a sublime dinner.
4.
complete; absolute; utter:
sublime stupidity.
superfluous
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2.
unnecessary or needless.
3.
Obsolete. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.
tempestuous
characterized by or subject to tempests :
the tempestuous ocean.
2.
of the nature of or resembling a tempest (a violent windstorm, especially one with rain, hail, or snow.
2.
a violent commotion, disturbance, or tumult.
verb (used with object)
3.
to affect by or as by a tempest; disturb violently.)
temporal
of or relating to time.
2.
pertaining to or concerned with the present life or this world; worldly:
temporal joys.
3.
enduring for a time only; temporary; transitory
tumultuous
full of tumult or riotousness; marked by disturbance and uproar:
a tumultuous celebration.
2.
raising a great clatter and commotion; disorderly or noisy:
a tumultuous crowd of students.
3.
highly agitated, as the mind or emotions; distraught; turbulent.
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