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Halverson's Tech 201 Final

Terms in this set (75)

"who lived from 130 a.d. to 220 a.d., built upon the concepts of Hippocrates and further defined the methods of modern medicine, including the use of observations and notes to assist in diagnosis. He advocated that physicians have knowledge of the body and the purpose of the organs which he personally obtained as the physician to the gladiators. (He was able to observe the inner workings of the body as he tried to treat the many deep and extensive wounds of the gladiators.) He identified most of the muscles of the body and described how they worked in groups. He discussed the importance of the spinal cord, and demonstrated how severing the cord in different places resulted in paralysis to different parts of the body. He also explained the linkage between physical and mental health.
Galen conveyed this information in 22 volumes that served as standard medical textbooks into the modern era. He also classified diseases and the normal treatments that were effective. He sought to determine the causes of diseases—a unique concept in those days. Like Hippocrates, the ancient Greek, he believed that the four bodily fluids or humors—blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm—combined together to form tissues, and that those tissues combined to form the organs. If a person was ill, Galen believed that it was a result of imbalance in the humors.
Galen was recognized in his own day as Rome's leading physician. Besides his work on the gladiators, he was appointed to be personal physician to several of the emperors and other leading Roman citizens. He was truly a creative individual who exhibited well the Roman desire to make knowledge useful