Ch. 9 ATP, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration
Pre-AP Biology 9th Grade
Terms in this set (32)
What is the structural difference between ATP and ADP?
ATP= Three Phosphates
What molecules are contained in both ATP and ADP?
Adenosine, phosphate, ribose
Describe what happens in the process of converting ADP to ATP.
Energy is being stored
Describe what happens in the process of converting ATP to ADP
Energy is being released
Why is this reaction considered to be a cycle?
It doesn't have a beginning or end
List 3 things living organisms use ATP for?
Make new molecules
What is the best term to describe energy?
Energy is essential for life. All living organisms must be able to obtain energy from the environment they live in.
What is the best term for Autotrophs?
Plants are able to trap the light energy in sunlight and store it to use when necessary
What best describes Heterotrophs?
Animals obtain energy from plants or other animals that eat plants.
When energy is stored in chemical bonds of ATP, this is called?
Draw the structure of an adenosine molecule with 3 phosphates
Adenosine monophosphate has how many phosphates?
Adenosine diphosphate has how many phosphates?
What is ATP used for?
To provide energy for muscle cells
Transport molecules and proteins through the plasma membrane
What is the formula for ATP?
ATP=ADP + P+ Energy
Photosynthesis is best described as?
The process by which autotrophs(plants) convert sunlight to a usable form of energy
Autotrophs that perform photosynthesis contain chemicals called ?
__________a molecule that absorbs certain wavelengths of light and reflects
__________ important photosynthetic pigment found in chloroplasts
The process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars is called?
An organelle that performs photosynthesis is called?
In which structure does photosynthesis take place?
Which product has the energy stored?
The function accomplished by the light-dependent reactions is?
In which stage of photosynthesis is carbon from CO2 used to form a six-carbon sugar?
Give the structure of the Chloroplast
_______________ disk shaped structures, each containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis
____________the individual stacks of thylakoids
____________The gel-like material that lies between the grana in the chloroplasts
What is the equation for Photosynthesis?
What is the 1st Stage of Photosynthesis?
Light is stored in the grana of the chloroplast
H2O is intaken in the grana
O2 and energy are released
What is the 2nd Stage of Photosynthesis
Light independent reactions
Immediately follows the light reaction uses the energy produced from it
Requires the intake of CO2
Requires H2 from split of H2O