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40 terms

Vocab 1-4

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annotation
a critical or explanatory note
appellation
a name, title, or designation
eponym
A person whose name is, or is thought to be, the source of the name of something
linguistics
the study of the nature, structure, and variation of language
malapropism
ridiculous misuse of a word, especially by confusing it with one of a similar sound
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage
parlance
a particular manner of speaking
patois
a regional dialect, especially a nonstandard one that has no written tradition
polyglot
a. using several languages b. a person who speaks several languages
vulgar
a. of or related to the common people b. crude; indecent c. offensively excessive in the display of one's self or one's wealth
contingent
a. conditional; depending on other things b. a representative group forming part of a larger group
eventuality
something that may occur; a possibility
implausible
difficult to believe; not likely or credible
inconceivable
a. impossible to comprehend or fully grasp b. so unlikely as to be thought impossible; unimaginable
in vain
without success; completely ineffective
perchance
perhaps; possibly
preposterous
absurd; contrary to nature, reason, or common sense
proclivity
a natural inclination; a tendency
prone
having a tendency; inclined; likely to do or have something
theoretical
restricted to ideas; abstract or unproven
evolve
to develop or achieve gradually
immutable
unchangeable; not subject or susceptible to change
inveterate
a. firmly established and having existed for a long time; deep rooted b. habitual; repeatedly acting according to an ingrained habit
malleable
a. capable of being shaped or formed, as by hammering or pressure b. easily controlled or influenced
metamorphosis
a marked change in form, character, or function; a transformation
modulate
to adjust or adapt to a certain level or proportion; to regulate
protean
readily taking on different forms, characteristics, or meanings
sporadic
a. scattered; occurring at irregular intervals; having no regular pattern b. isolated; infrequent
transmute
to change from one form to another; to transform
volatile
a. tending to vary often or widely, as in price; subject to wide variation; inconstant b. tending toward violence; explosive c. evaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures
abstruse
difficult to understand
acumen
quickness and keenness of insight or judgment
ascertain
to discover or determine with certainty, especially through examination or experimentation
cerebral
a. of or relating to the brain b. appealing to or requiring the use of intellect; intellectual
faculty
a. a natural power or ability b. division of a university or group of teachers
obfuscate
a. to make difficult to understand b. to darken; to make dim or difficult to see
ruminate
a. to think deeply about; to turn a matter over and over in one's mind b. to chew cud, or partially digested food
stymie
to prevent from making progress; to frustrate or thwart efforts
surmise
a. to guess; to draw a conclusion without sufficient evidence b. a guess; a conclusion drawn without sufficient evidence
tenet
a principle or belief held by a person or an organization