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Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.

Short Story

a brief work of fiction. 1 main character faces conflict that is resolved in the plot


The sequence of events in a literary work-mostly between both characters and central conflict


writing or speech that explains a process or present s information (introduces characters, settings)

Inciting Action

introduces central conflict

Rising Action

All of the events leading up to the climax


1st problem that arises in a work of literature

Central Conflict

struggle between opposing characters


a high point of interest or suspense


the conflict is resolved and a general insight may be conveyed

Falling Action

leads to resolution


time and place of action


person or animal who takes part in the action of a literary work.


Main Character


shows only one trait

Character- Round

shows many different traits, faults as well as virtues

Character- Dynamic

devolopes and grows during course of story

Character- Static

does not change


Taking a group of people and judging them as one


act of creativity and developing a character traits


author directly states a characteristic traits


: author gives clues about character by describing what a character looks like, ideas, and says, as well as how others react to him or her


struggle between opposing characters


character or force in conflict with main character, protagonist


the main character in a work of fiction

External Conflict

main character struggles with outside force
(man vs. man/man vs. nature/man vs. society/man vs. supernatural)

Internal Conflict

character in conflict with themselves (man vs. himself)

point of view

perspective from which the story is told

point of view- 1st person

character in story tells the story

point of view- 3rd person

when a voice outside the story narrates

point of view- 3rd person-omniscient

all-knowing, can tell readers what any character thinks and feels

point of view- 3rd person-limited

sees world through one characters eyes and reveals only that characters


central message or insight into life revealed through literary work


feeling created in a reader by literary work-often suggested


feeling of uncertainty about the outcomes of events in literary work


the use in a literary work of clues that suggests events that have yet to occur


means by which author presents material that occurred earlier that present


conversation between two characters; may reveal traits and advance action of narrative


special form of language, spoken by people in a particular group/region


general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result

Irony of situation

event that directly contradicts the expectations of characters, reader, or audience.

Verbal Irony

words are used to suggest opposite of what is meant


character, thing, or idea that stands for something else, often abstract.


writers attitude toward his or her audience and subject.

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