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44 terms

General Literary Terms (worrall)

STUDY
PLAY
Fiction
Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.
Short Story
a brief work of fiction. 1 main character faces conflict that is resolved in the plot
Plot
The sequence of events in a literary work-mostly between both characters and central conflict
Exposition
writing or speech that explains a process or present s information (introduces characters, settings)
Inciting Action
introduces central conflict
Rising Action
All of the events leading up to the climax
Complication
1st problem that arises in a work of literature
Central Conflict
struggle between opposing characters
Climax
a high point of interest or suspense
Resolution
the conflict is resolved and a general insight may be conveyed
Falling Action
leads to resolution
Setting
time and place of action
Character
person or animal who takes part in the action of a literary work.
Protagonist
Main Character
Character-Flat
shows only one trait
Character- Round
shows many different traits, faults as well as virtues
Character- Dynamic
devolopes and grows during course of story
Character- Static
does not change
Stereotype
Taking a group of people and judging them as one
Characterization
act of creativity and developing a character traits
Characterization-direct
author directly states a characteristic traits
Characterization-indirect
: author gives clues about character by describing what a character looks like, ideas, and says, as well as how others react to him or her
Conflict
struggle between opposing characters
Antagonist
character or force in conflict with main character, protagonist
Protagonist
the main character in a work of fiction
External Conflict
main character struggles with outside force
(man vs. man/man vs. nature/man vs. society/man vs. supernatural)
Internal Conflict
character in conflict with themselves (man vs. himself)
point of view
perspective from which the story is told
point of view- 1st person
character in story tells the story
point of view- 3rd person
when a voice outside the story narrates
point of view- 3rd person-omniscient
all-knowing, can tell readers what any character thinks and feels
point of view- 3rd person-limited
sees world through one characters eyes and reveals only that characters
theme
central message or insight into life revealed through literary work
mood
feeling created in a reader by literary work-often suggested
suspense
feeling of uncertainty about the outcomes of events in literary work
foreshadowing
the use in a literary work of clues that suggests events that have yet to occur
flashback
means by which author presents material that occurred earlier that present
dialogue
conversation between two characters; may reveal traits and advance action of narrative
dialect
special form of language, spoken by people in a particular group/region
Irony
general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result
Irony of situation
event that directly contradicts the expectations of characters, reader, or audience.
Verbal Irony
words are used to suggest opposite of what is meant
Symbolism
character, thing, or idea that stands for something else, often abstract.
tone
writers attitude toward his or her audience and subject.