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Adolescent Development Exam 2
Terms in this set (32)
What are 4 levels to regulate sex hormones?
2.Hypothothalmus release hormone that triggers pituraty
3. Piturity gland. sends LH and FSH
4. Hypothomatic gonadstic. stops hormones from producing the amount of hormones adolscent recieve. Themostat
What changes in the productive organs between the prenatal period and puberty?
xx &xy triggers the adrenal gland to create hormones.
Difference between indirect and direct model?
direct effects are more intimate like the hormones. Indirect is other things that effect a teen's behavior
Late maturing boys perception of themselves, perceived by peers and adults?
adults: unattractive, unrestined
peers: more restless, bossy, less grown-ups
themselves: more negative, self-concepts, feelings of inadequacy & rejection
According to What Makes Teen Tick what are 4 things that change?
1. myelination coating of dendrites
2. Prefrontal cortex developing more
3. corpus collosum using both sides
4. amygdala more active. regulation of emotions
Adolescents and adults process logical and emotional stimuli differently?
Act before they think
How do assimilation, accommodation and equilibrium in the thinking processes all work together to allow for appropriate adaptation to new information from the environment?
knowing what you already know, putting new information and putting it all together.
What is the difference between classification and conservation?
Conservation: alter an appearance but amount stays the same
Classification: labeling what things are
What are the limitations of concerte operational thinking?
what are real but can't think what is possible. Children
What is formal operational thinking?
Knowing what is real and what is also possible. Adolescents
What is idealism?
seeing things the way you want them to be, not the way they really are
What is hypothetical -deductive & logical reasoning?
"what if" thoughts
What is random vs. systematic thinking abliity?
Guess Who example
What are advanced understandinf of language?
Adolscents uses metaphors and sarcusm. understanding that has been said and how to say it.
According to Gilligan, how do we keep girls from silencing "their different voice"
1. not be ashamed of the different voice. find joy in how that defines who that they are
2. seek greater quality for the individual woman
What are some crictisms that question the generality of formal operations?
That we don't have developmentally stages. continuous experience not a stage
What is the belief on the 5th post-formal cognitive stage?
Piaget should have added it. More of a pragmatic where you are taking logic and wisdom and combining them together
According to Vygotsky, what is the Zone of Proximal Development?
What is egocentrism of adolescences?
Getting to the sense of understanding how unique they are and the realistic sense of how much people are
What are two aspects of imaginary audience?
Transient self and abiding self
Transient self and abiding. Which one do teens use to see themselves?
What are the two different aspects of personal fable?
Immortality and invenability
According to Elkind, how does the personal fable change adolescents relationship with God?
Closer because of the sense that they think God understands me
How do youths cognitive representations of themselves change as they get older?
Talk about physically characteristics, activities, psychological characteristics
How is differentiation and contradictions different as an adolescents in self-understanding?
conherent sense of self
What are the 3 elements of the "Looking Glass Self"?
How are self-esteem and self-concept different?
Self-esteem involves how one feels about oneself, and self-concept is how one describes oneself.
What is automaticity?
Degree of cognitive effort a person needs to devote to processing a given set of information.
What is critical thinking?
Thinking that involves not merely memorizing information but analyzing it, making judgments about what it means, relating it to other information, and considering ways in which it might be valid or invalid.
What is executive functioning?
The ability to control and manage one's cognitive processes.
What is mnemonic devices?
What is theory of mind?
The ability to attribute mental states to one's self and others, including beliefs, thoughts, and feelings.
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