58 terms

College Vocabulary

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Acceptance Rate
The percentage of applicants a college accepts for admission
Accreditation
Certification that a college meets the standards of a state, regional or national association
ACT
test taken by high school students and used by college admissions officers for acceptance and placement purposes. Based on knowledge learned in high school. This test has 4 components: English, Math, Science, and Reading. The highest score is 36; national average is usually 21.
Advanced Placement
Course work and test taken in high school to waive introductory courses and placement in higher-level courses. Must score 3 or higher to earn college credit in course.
Alumna
A female graduate or former student of a particular university
Alumae
female graduates or former students of a particular university, college, or school.
Alumni
male graduates or former students of a particular university, college, or school.
Alumnus
A male graduate or former student of a particular university, college, or school.
Associates Degree (AA)
degree granted after completing a two-year program of study. Usually conferred at the community colleges.
Bachelor's Degree (BA, BS, BFA, BN, etc.)
degree granted after completing a four-year program of study.
Class Rank
your position in your graduating class, calculated by grade point average.
College Level Examination Program
tests managed by the CEEB for students who have done well in a particular discipline. Tests given on college campuses in order to receive college credit.
Cluster Living
arranging dormitories or dormitory floors by college major or interests; alos known as theme housing
College Entrance Examination Board
the agency that administers the SAT, SAT II, and Advanced Placement exams.
Common Application Form
a standard college admission application designed for a student to complete one application and submit it to many colleges. Over 400 colleges accept the Common Application.
Cross-registration
a system which allows a student to be enrolled in one university and take course at another without enrolling.
Deferred Admission
Allowing an accepted candidate to postpone enrollment in college, most often for one year.
Double Major
when a student completes the requirements for two majors at the same time.
Drop/Add period
an allotted time to drop or add a class without penalty in college
Early Action
Applying to a university early in the senior year. Students will receive their notification of acceptance and academic scholarships early but can leave their options open for other universities.
Early Decision
notification of acceptance and scholarships early in your senior year (usually by the end of December). If admitted Early Decision, a student must withdraw all other applications. Note: You may be required to apply to only that college or withdraw all other applications. Some schools have SINGLE CHOICE EARLY DECISION - you can only apply to ONE school early decision.
Education Opportunity Program
An academic and economic support program at most large universities.
First Generation College student
when you will be the first in your immediate family to attend college. Some define first generation as the first to graduate from college.
GED
General Educational Development Test - a high school equivalency test accepted by colleges in place of a high school diploma.
General Education Requirements
the introductory courses required by all students regardless of major.
Grade Point Average
GPA, a system that converts letter grades into a number. Most commonly on a 4.0 scale (A-=4, B=3, C=2, D=1).
Great Books Program
course of study in college in which students get a liberal arts education entirely through classic works of theology, philosophy, history, fiction, science, and more
Holistic Approach to Admissions
When the college admission board looks at the entire person, not just gpa, test scores and class rank. Holistic approach includes counselor and teacher recommendations, extracurricular activities, community service, job experience, strength of classes, and personal essay
Honors Program/Honors College
an academic program for student with high ability and motivation. Advantages include early registration, smaller classes and separate housing
Liberal Arts Colleges
Intentionally small in size, a residential liberal arts college permits the active engagement of faculty in promoting a broad based knowledge and understanding of the humanities, sciences, and the arts and the cultivation of critical thinking and examination. Liberal arts colleges prepare students for lives of service, achievement, leadership and personal fulfillment.
Law School Admission Test
taken senior year of college for admission to law school. Given four times per year.
Medical College Admission Test
given twice per year as admission to medical school.
Masters Degree
a degree earned after a Bachelor's degree in a specific area of study. Usually takes 2 academic years.
Matriculation
to enroll in a particular college or university
Open admissions
to accept all high school applicants without regard to additional qualifications.
Pass/Fail Grading Option
credit/no credit grading option - a simple grading process where a student receives a "pass" or "fail" in a course instead of a letter grade.
Personal Statement
sometimes referred to as a college essay - written by college applicant to give the college admission board insight into the candidate's personality, values, and motivation
Phi Beta Kappa
a national honor society that recognizes outstanding collegiate academic achievement
Preliminary Scholastic Achievement Assessment Test/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
a test usually taken by high school 10th or 11th graders. Serves as a practice for the SAT. Scores are used to determine eligibility for the National Merit Scholarship and National Hispanic Scholar Awards.
Quarter System
an academic calendar that is divided into four equal parts. Quarters are roughly 11 weeks and have an optional summer session.
Reach school
a college where admissions might be a stretch for the applicant based on average gpa and test scores of accepted students and the college's overall admission requirements
Retention rate
the percentage of students who return to college for their sophomore year
Rolling Admissions
a process where applicants are notified by the colleges as soon as an admission decision is made. Applications are accepted all year long.
Reserves Officers' Training Corps
college based military training programs. Involvement may lead to additional financial aid and an officer's commission after graduation.
Safety school
a college where, based on the average gpa and test scores of accepted students, an applicant will have a high likelihood of being admitted
SAT I
a standardized test for high school students used by college admissions offices for acceptance and placement purposes. Test contains Critical Reading, Math, Writing and Essay. Administered by the College Board. The highest score possible is 2400. The national average on CR + MA is 1000.
SAT II
Subject tests used to measure academic achievement for placement purposes. Usually required by highly selective schools. Many subject areas to choose from including Physics, Mathematics 1 or 2, Spanish, etc. Highest score is 800.
Semester System
an academic calendar that is divided into two units of about 18 weeks (Fall and Spring Semester)
Socratic method of teaching
courses of study led primarily by asking question after question, seeking to expose contradictions in the students' thoughts and ideas to then guide them to arrive at a solid conclusion. Students learn through the use of critical thinking, reasoning, and logic. Often original literary works are used as textbooks.
Super Score
used with the SAT test by the mixing of your best section score on the SAT test for a total score
Terminal degree
the highest degree one can earn in their field of study
Test Optional Schools
over 800 colleges in the USA do not consider ACT or SAT test scores in their admission decisions.
Test of English as a Foreign Language
an English proficiency test for students whose native language is not English. Administered by the College Board (SAT).
Transcript
an official record of classes a student has taken and the grades received
Trimester System
Quarter or Three Term System - an academic calendar that is divided into three units.
Wait list
a list of students a college may eventually decide to admit if space becomes available
Withdrawal period
an allotted time in college where a class can be dropped with a "W"
Work Study Program
an opportunity to work on or off campus throughout the school year, frequently in positions relating to your field of interest.