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Adobe Illustrator Review Questions
Terms in this set (37)
Name two methods for creating a text area in Adobe Illustrator.
The following methods can be used for creating text areas: With the Type tool, click the artboard and start typing when the cursor appears. A text area is created to accommodate the text.
With the Type tool, drag to create a text area. Type when a cursor appears.
With the Type tool, click a path or closed shape to convert it to text on a path or in a text area. Alt-clicking (Windows) or Option-clicking (Mac OS) when crossing over the stroke of a closed path creates text around the shape.
What are two benefits of using an OpenType font?
The two main benefits of OpenType fonts are cross-platform compatibility (they work the same on both Windows and Mac OS) and support of widely expanded character sets and layout features, which provide richer linguistic support and advanced typographic control.
What is the difference between a character style and a paragraph style?
A character style can be applied to selected text only. A paragraph style is applied to an entire paragraph. Paragraph styles are best for indents, margins, and line spacing.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of converting text to outlines?
Converting type to outlines eliminates the need to send the fonts along with the file when sharing with others. You can also fill the type with a gradient and create interesting effects on individual letters. However, when you create outlines from text, you should consider the following: Text is no longer editable. The content and font cannot be changed for outlined text. It is best to save a layer with the original text or to use the Outline Object effect.
Bitmap fonts and outline-protected fonts cannot be converted to outlines.
Outlining text that is less than 10 points in size is not recommended. When type is converted to outlines, the type loses its hints—instructions built into outline fonts to adjust their shape to display or print optimally at many sizes. When scaling type, adjust its point size before converting it to outlines.
You must convert all type in a selection to outlines; you cannot convert a single letter within a string of type. To convert a single letter into an outline, create a separate type area containing only that letter.
Name two benefits of using layers when creating artwork.
The benefits of using layers when creating artwork include: protecting artwork that you don't want to change, hiding artwork that you aren't working with so that it's not distracting, and controlling what prints.
How do you hide layers? How do you show individual layers?
To hide a layer, click to deselect the eye icon to the left of the layer name in the Layers panel. Select the blank, leftmost column (the Visibility column) to show a layer.
Describe how to reorder layers in a file.
You reorder layers by selecting a layer name in the Layers panel and dragging the layer to its new location. The order of layers in the Layers panel controls the document's layer order—topmost in the panel is front-most in the artwork.
What is the purpose of changing the selection color for a layer?
The selection color controls how selected anchor points and direction lines are displayed on a layer and helps you identify the different layers in your document.
What happens if you paste a layered file into another file? Why is the Paste Remembers Layers option useful?
The paste commands paste layered files or objects copied from different layers into the active layer, by default. The Paste Remembers Layers option keeps the original layers intact when the objects are pasted.
How do you create a layer clipping mask?
Create a clipping mask on a layer by selecting the layer and clicking the Make/Release Clipping Mask button in the Layers panel. The topmost object in the layer becomes the clipping mask.
How do you apply an effect to a layer? How can you edit that effect?
Click the target icon for the layer to which you want to apply an effect. Then choose an effect from the Effect menu. To edit the effect, make sure that the layer is selected and then click the name of the effect in the Appearance panel. The effect's dialog box opens, and you can change the values.
What is a gradient?
A gradient is a graduated blend of two or more colors or of tints of the same color. Gradients can be applied to the stroke or fill of an object.
Name two ways to apply a gradient to a selected object.
To apply a gradient to a selected object, select an object, and do one of the following: Select the Stroke or Fill box, and then click the Gradient box in the Tools panel to fill an object with the default white-to-black gradient or with the last selected gradient.
Change the Fill color or Stroke color in the Control panel to apply a gradient to selected content.
Select the Stroke or Fill box in the Tools panel, and then click a gradient swatch in the Swatches panel.
Use the Eyedropper tool to sample a gradient from an object in your artwork, and then apply it to the selected object.
How do you adjust the blend between colors in a gradient?
To adjust the blend between colors in a gradient, with the Gradient tool selected, and the pointer over the gradient annotator or in the Gradient panel, you can drag the diamond icons or color stops of the gradient slider.
Name two ways you can add colors to a gradient.
To add colors to a gradient, in the Gradient panel, click beneath the gradient slider to add a gradient stop to the gradient. Then double-click the color stop to edit the color, using the panel that appears to mix a new color or to apply an existing color swatch. You can select the Gradient tool in the Tools panel, position the pointer over the gradient-filled object, and then click beneath the gradient slider that appears in the artwork to add a color stop.
How can you adjust the direction of a gradient?
Drag with the Gradient tool to adjust the direction of a gradient. Dragging a long distance changes colors gradually; dragging a short distance makes the color change more abrupt. You can also rotate the gradient using the Gradient tool and change the radius, aspect ratio, starting point, and more.
What is the difference between a gradient and a blend?
The difference between a gradient and a blend is the way that colors combine together—colors blend together within a gradient and between objects in a blend.
Describe two ways to blend the shapes and colors of objects.
You can blend the shapes and colors of objects by doing one of the following: Clicking each object with the Blend tool to create a blend of intermediate steps between the objects, according to preset blend options.
Selecting the objects and choosing Object > Blend > Blend Options to set the number of intermediate steps, and then choosing Object > Blend > Make to create the blend.
What is the difference between selecting a smooth color blend and specifying the number of steps in a blend?
Objects that have painted strokes blend differently than those with no strokes.
When you choose Smooth Color blend, Illustrator automatically calculates the number of intermediate steps necessary to create a seamlessly smooth blend between the selected objects. Specifying the number of steps lets you determine how many intermediate steps are visible in the blend. You can also specify the distance between intermediate steps in the blend.
How do you adjust the shapes or colors in the blend? How do you adjust the path of the blend?
You can use the Direct Selection tool to select and adjust the shape of an original object, thus changing the shape of the blend. You can change the colors of the original objects to adjust the intermediate colors in the blend. Use the Convert Anchor Point tool to change the shape of the path, or spine, of the blend by dragging anchor points or direction handles on the spine.
Describe each of the five brush types: Art, Calligraphic, Pattern, Bristle, and Scatter.
The following are the five brush types: Art brushes stretch artwork evenly along a path. Art brushes include strokes that resemble graphic media, such as the Charcoal - Thick brush used in the lesson. Art brushes also include objects, such as the arrow brush.
Calligraphic brushes are defined by an elliptical shape whose center follows the path. They create strokes that resemble hand-drawn lines made with a flat, angled calligraphic pen tip.
Pattern brushes paint a pattern made up of separate sections, or tiles, for the sides, ends, and corners of the path. When you apply a Pattern brush to artwork, the brush applies different tiles from the pattern to different sections of the path, depending on where the section falls on the path.
Bristle brushes allow you to create brush strokes with the appearance of a natural brush with bristles.
Scatter brushes scatter an object, such as a leaf, along a path. You can adjust the size, spacing, scatter, and rotation options to change the appearance of the brush.
What is the difference between applying a brush to artwork using the Paintbrush tool and applying a brush to artwork using one of the drawing tools?
To apply brushes using the Paintbrush tool, you select the tool, choose a brush in the Brushes panel, and draw on the artboard. The brush is applied directly to the paths as you draw. To apply brushes using a drawing tool, you select the tool and draw in the artwork. Then, you select the path in the artwork and choose a brush in the Brushes panel. The brush is applied to the selected path.
Describe how to edit paths with the Paintbrush tool as you draw. How does the Keep Selected option affect the Paintbrush tool?
To edit a path with the Paintbrush tool, drag over a selected path to redraw it. The Keep Selected option keeps the last path selected as you draw with the Paintbrush tool. Leave the Keep Selected option selected (the default setting) when you want to easily edit the previous path as you draw. Deselect the Keep Selected option when you want to draw layered paths with the paintbrush without altering previous paths. When Keep Selected is deselected, you can use the Selection tool to select a path and then edit it.
How do you change the colorization method for an Art, Pattern, or Scatter brush? (Remember, you don't use colorization methods with Calligraphic or Bristle brushes.)
To change the colorization method of a brush, double-click the brush in the Brushes panel to open the Brush Options dialog box. Use the Method menu in the Colorization section to select another method. If you choose Hue Shift, you can use the default color displayed in the dialog box preview or you can change the key color by clicking the Key Color Eyedropper and clicking a color in the preview. Click OK to accept the settings, and close the Brush Options dialog box. Click Apply To Strokes in the alert dialog box if you want to apply the changes to existing strokes in the artwork. Existing brush strokes are colorized with the stroke color that was selected when the strokes were applied to the artwork. New brush strokes are colorized with the current stroke color. To change the color of existing strokes after applying a different colorization method, select the strokes and select a new stroke color.
For which brush types must you have artwork selected on the artboard before you can create a brush?
For Art and Scatter brushes, you need to have artwork selected in order to create a brush using the New Brush button in the Brushes panel.
What does the Blob Brush tool allow you to create?
Use the Blob Brush tool to edit filled shapes that you can intersect and merge with other shapes of the same color or to create artwork from scratch
Name two ways to apply an effect to an object.
You can apply an effect to an object by selecting the object and then choosing the effect from the Effect menu. You can also apply an effect by selecting the object, clicking the Add New Effect button ( ) in the Appearance panel, and then choosing the effect from the menu that appears.
Where can the effects applied to an object be edited, once they are applied?
You can edit effects in the Appearance panel.
What three types of 3D effects are available? Give an example of why you would use each one.
The types of 3D effects are Extrude & Bevel, Revolve, and Rotate. Extrude & Bevel: Uses the Z axis to give a 2D object depth by extruding the object. For example, a circle becomes a cylinder.
Revolve: Uses the Y axis to revolve an object around an axis. For example, an arc becomes a circle.
Rotate: Uses the Z axis to rotate 2D artwork in 3D space and to change the artwork's perspective.
How can you control lighting on a 3D object? Does the lighting of one 3D object affect other 3D objects?
By clicking the More Options button in any of the 3D dialog boxes, you can change the light, the direction of the light, and the shade color. Settings for the light of one 3D object do not affect the settings for other 3D objects.
What are the generic steps to map artwork to an object?
a Select the artwork to be used as a symbol, and save it as a symbol in the Symbols panel.
b Select the object, and choose Effect > 3D > Extrude & Bevel or Effect > 3D > Revolve.
c Click Map Art.
d Navigate to the surface by clicking the Next Surface or Previous Surface buttons. Select the symbol from the Symbol menu. Close both dialog boxes.
How do you add a second stroke to an object?
Click the Add New Stroke button in the Appearance panel, or choose Add New Stroke from the Appearance panel menu. A stroke is added to the top of the appearance list. It has the same color and stroke weight as the original stroke.
What's the difference between applying a graphic style to a layer versus applying it to an object?
After a graphic style is applied to a layer, everything you add to that layer has that style applied to it. For example, if you create a circle on Layer 1 and then move that circle to Layer 2, which has a Drop Shadow effect applied, the circle adopts that effect.
When a style is applied to a single object, other objects on that layer are not affected. For example, if a triangle object has a Roughen effect applied to its path and you move it to another layer, it retains the Roughen effect.
How do you add to an existing graphic style?
With a graphic style applied to an object, Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) another graphic style in the Graphic Styles panel.
How do you remove an appearance attribute using the Layers panel?
In the Layers panel, click the target icon of a layer. Drag the target icon to the Delete Selection button in the Layers panel to remove the appearance attribute. You can also remove the appearance attribute of a selected object or layer using the Appearance panel. Select the object, and choose Reduce To Basic Appearance from the Appearance panel menu to return the object to its original state.
Why do we align content to the pixel grid?
When the pixel-aligned property is enabled for an object, all the horizontal and vertical segments in the object get aligned to the pixel grid, which provides a crisp appearance to strokes.
Name the three image file types that can be chosen in the Save For Web dialog box.
The three image file types that can be chosen in the Save For Web dialog box are: JPEG, GIF, and PNG. PNG has two versions: PNG-8 and PNG-24.
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