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57 terms

A&P_1_lab_1-complete

STUDY
PLAY
Integumentary_nervous
muscular_skeletal
cardiovascular_respiratory
reproductive_urinary
lymphatic_digestive
endocrine
Organ systems (11)
dorsal;ventral
two major cavities in the body
thoracic_diaphragm_abdominopelvic
in the ventral body cavity
cranial_vertebral column
in the dorsal body cavity
thoracic;abdominopelvic
the ventral cavity is divided into these cavities
mediastinum;pleural;pericardial (3)
the thoracic cavity is divided into these cavities
epigastric
above the umbilical region
hypochondriac
beside the epigastric region
lumbar
on either side of the umbilical region
hypogastric
below the umbilical region
iliac
on either side of the hypogastric region
transverse or horizontal
this plane divides into superior and inferior parts is called
coronal or frontal
this plane divides into posterior and anterior and is called
midsagittal
this plane divides into equal left and right halves
parasagittal
this plane divides into unequal left and right halves
nuchal
back of the neck
patellar:popliteal
front and back of knee
calcaneal
heel
acromial
shoulder
coxal
hip
tarsal
ankle
pedal
foot
femoral
thigh
crural
lower leg
carpal
wrist
manual
hand
digital
finger
antebrachial
lower arm
brachial
upper arm
axillary
armpit
cervical
to the front and side of neck
cubital
elbow
lumbar
lower back
gluteal
buttock
dorsum
back of hand
sacral
near the tail bone
pro_meta_ana_telo
phases of mitosis
body tube
the ocular lens of the microscope is attached to the
iris diaphragm
this rotates and changes the amount of light let through
objective lens
parts of a microscope: these have three strengths
10 times lens
to calculate the objective magnification
laminae
structure that holds the nucleus
centrioles
these make microtubules
prophase
phase of mitosis: prepping
metaphase
phase of mitosis:pulled apart by centrioles
centromere
a region of DNA typically found near the middle of a chromosome where two identical sister chromatids come closest in contact.
chromatids
one of the two identical copies of DNA making up a duplicated chromosome, which are joined at their centromeres
spindle fibers
the structure that separates the chromosomes into the daughter cells during cell division
elastic
this type of cartilage appears to have big cells, be in no order and has visible fibers between cells
fibro
this type of cartilage has thick fibers and appears to be in rows or layers
hyaline
this type of cartilage has pairs of cells, lots of matrix, and no visible fibers between cells
dense regular
this type of connective tissue appears to be "wavy"
dense irregular
this type of connective tissue appears random and jumbled
intercalated discs;short and branched;often a clear area around nucleus
these help identify cardiac muscle (3)
long fibers;multinucleated;usually don't see "ends"
this helps identify skeletal muscle that has been cut longitudinally (3)
groups of bundles
this is what skeletal muscle looks like when it is cut transverse
no striations;single nucleated;fusiform shaped cells
smooth muscle can be identified by this (3)